Forest and Tribal Rights

Forest and Tribal Rights

 

Please click here to access the Draft National Forest Policy 2018.

 
According to the Status Report on Implementation of the Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006 [for the period ending 31st October, 2017], which has been prepared by the Ministry of Tribal Affairs (please click here to access):

• As per the information collected upto 31 October, 2017, 41,89,827 claims for land rights (40,50,131 individual and 1,39,696 community claims) have been filed and 18,24,271 titles (17,59,955 individual and 64,316 community claims) have been distributed. A total of 36,51,414 (87.15 percent) claims have been disposed off.

• As on 31 October, 2017, the total number of claims disposed off as a proportion of total number of claims received was the highest in Uttar Pradesh (99.85 percent), followed by West Bengal (99.74 percent), Madhya Pradesh (99.26 percent), Chhattisgarh (97.74 percent) and Rajasthan (96.90 percent). The said proportion for Odisha was 89.93 percent, Andhra Pradesh was 83.21 percent, Tripura was 96.14 percent, Jharkhand was 81.78 percent and Karnataka was 60.63 percent.

• Out of the total individual claims received upto 31 October, 2017, most came from Chhattisgarh (8,52,530), followed by Odisha (6,16,717), Madhya Pradesh (5,76,533), Maharashtra (3,52,950) and Karnataka (2,98,795).

• The share of Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Karnataka in total number of individual claims filed upto 31 October, 2017 were 21.05 percent, 15.23 percent, 14.23 percent, 8.71 percent and 7.38 percent, respectively.

• Out of the total number of individual titles distributed upto 31 October, 2017, most were distributed in Odisha (4,11,082), followed by Chhattisgarh (3,86,206), Madhya Pradesh (2,19,827), Tripura (1,25,020) and Maharashtra (1,06,898).

• The share of Odisha, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Tripura and Maharashtra in total number of individual titles distributed upto 31 October, 2017 were 23.36 percent, 21.94 percent, 12.49 percent, 7.10 percent and 6.07 percent, respectively.

• As on 31 October, 2017, the number of individual titles distributed as a proportion of the number of individual claims received was the highest in Kerala (68.07 percent), followed by Odisha (66.66 percent), Tripura (63.07 percent), Jharkhand (54.88 percent) and Andhra Pradesh (51.94 percent). The said proportion for Telangana was 51.06 percent, Chhattisgarh was 45.30 percent, Madhya Pradesh was 38.13 percent, Maharashtra was 30.29 percent, Karnataka was 4.16 percent and for the entire country was 43.45 percent.

• Out of the total number of community claims received upto 31 October, 2017, most came from Madhya Pradesh (39,416), followed by Chhattisgarh (27,548), Odisha (13,495), Maharashtra (11,408) and West Bengal (10,119).

• The share of Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Maharashtra and West Bengal in total number of community claims filed upto 31 October, 2017 were 28.22 percent, 19.72 percent, 9.66 percent, 8.17 percent and 7.24 percent, respectively.

• Out of the total number of community titles distributed upto 31 October, 2017, most were distributed in Madhya Pradesh (27,263), followed by Chhattisgarh (14,161), Odisha (5,964), Maharashtra (5,748) and Gujarat (3,516).

• The share of Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Maharashtra and Gujarat in total number of community titles distributed upto 31 October, 2017 were 42.39 percent, 22.02 percent, 9.27 percent, 8.94 percent and 5.47 percent, respectively.

• As on 31 October, 2017, the number of community titles distributed as a proportion of the number of community claims received was the highest in Uttar Pradesh (75.00 percent), followed by Madhya Pradesh (69.17 percent), Jharkhand (52.43 percent), Chhattisgarh (51.40 percent) and Maharashtra (50.39 percent). The said proportion for Odisha was 44.19 percent, Telangana was 21.04 percent, Tripura was 19.86 percent, Karnataka was 10.94 percent and for the entire country was 46.04 percent.

• At the national level, the extent of forest land for which titles distributed was 1,41,04,745 acres (41,19,650 acres for individual titles and 99,85,095 acres for community titles).

• Out of the total forest land distributed for individual titles upto 31 October, 2017, most got distributed in Chhattisgarh (8,25,272.61 acres), followed by Madhya Pradesh (7,90,476.32 acres), Odisha (6,11,833.36 acres), Maharashtra (5,77,026.20 acres) and Tripura (4,35,726.57).

• The share of Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Maharashtra and Tripura in total forest land distributed for individual titles upto 31 October, 2017 were 20.03 percent, 19.19 percent, 14.85 percent, 14.01 percent and 10.58 percent, respectively.

• Out of the total forest land distributed for community titles upto 31 October, 2017, most got distributed in Maharashtra (44,35,944.77 acres), followed by Chhattisgarh (16,34,025.82 acres), Madhya Pradesh (13,20,974.14 acres), Gujarat (11,61,350.87 acres) and Telangana (4,54,055 acres).

• The share of Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat and Telangana in total forest land distributed for community titles upto 31 October, 2017 were 44.43 percent, 16.36 percent, 13.23 percent, 11.63 percent and 4.55 percent, respectively.

• At the national level, 40,50,131 individual claims were filed at gram sabhas, out of which 26,48,197 individual claims were recommended to Sub Divisional Level Committee (SDLC) as on 31 October, 2017. At the national level, SDLC recommended 19,87,491 individual claims to the District Level Committee (DLC) for final approval as on 31 October, 2017. At the national level, DLC approved 15,46,163 individual claims as on 31 October, 2017. The total number of titles distributed for individual claims was 17,40,343 as on 31 October, 2017. The total number of individual claims rejected was 17,53,663 as on 31 October, 2017. The total forest land given for individual claims was 16,67,164 hectares as on 31 October, 2017.

• At the national level, 1,39,696 community claims were filed at gram sabhas, out of which 96,018 community claims were recommended to SDLC as on 31 October, 2017. At the national level, SDLC recommended 85,092 community claims to the DLC for final approval as on 31 October, 2017. At the national level, DLC approved 69,767 community claims as on 31 October, 2017. The total number of titles distributed for community claims was 63,099 as on 31 October, 2017. The total number of community claims rejected was 38,952 as on 31 October, 2017. The total forest land given for community claims was 40,40,828 hectares as on 31 October, 2017.

• It must be noted that under the FRA, individuals and communities can apply for title claims before the Gram Sabha, based on which the latter makes recommendation to the Sub Divisional Level Committee (SDLC) such as who has been cultivating land for how long, which minor forest produce is collected, etc. The SDLC further recommends the claims to the District Level Committee (DLC) for final approval.
 
Please click here to know more about the Forest Rights Act. 
 

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