Right to Work (MG-NREGA)

Right to Work (MG-NREGA)



The key findings of the report entitled MGNREGA: Performance, Initiatives and Strategies (FY 2015-16 and FY 2016-17) are as follows (please click here to access the report):

• In the financial year 2015-16, 235.6 crore person days of wage employment was generated (against labour budget for 239.1 crore person days of employment), which was the highest in the last 5 years.

• Although 5.35 crore households demanded employment, only 4.82 crore households got employment under MGNREGA in 2015-16. It means that 9.9 percent of households were not provided employment under MGNREGA despite making demand.

• The average person days of employment per household in 2015-16 stood at 49 days, which was the highest in the past 3 years.

• Nearly 48.5 lakh households were provided at least 100 days of employment in 2015-16. Put simply, only 10.1 percent of all households in the country got at least 100 days of employment in that financial year.

• In drought affected states, 28.35 lakh households were provided more than 100 days of employment in 2015-16. In other words, only 5.9 percent of all households in drought affected states got more than 100 days of employment (provided drought is notified in a state or if a state has given additional days of employment).

• The average wage per person day during 2015-16 stood at Rs. 154.

• Rs. 43,848 crore was spent on MGNREGA in 2015-16, which was the highest since inception of the programme.

• In 2015-16, nearly 46.57 lakh hectares area of land benefited from public works relating to natural resources management such as water conservation, watershed management, irrigation, traditional water bodies, afforestation and land development.

• Out of the total works taken up under MGNREGA, 42 percent were dedicated for rural infrastructure, 34 percent for individual assets for the vulnerable, 22 percent for natural resources management and just 2 percent for common infrastructure for NRLM compliant self-help groups (SHGs).

• Out of the total expenditure on works taken up under MGNREGA, 45 percent was spent on rural infrastructure, 41 percent on natural resources management and 14 percent on individual assets for the vulnerable.

• Nearly 85 percent of total number of works started since inception till 31 March 2015 could be completed.

• MGNREGA works to improve productivity of lands benefitted 3.57 lakh households.

• MGNREGA works to improve livelihoods benefitted 8.2 lakh households.

• MGNREGA works to develop fallow or wastelands benefitted 7.17 lakh households.

• MGNREGA works to construct houses benefitted 11.53 lakh households.

• MGNREGA works to promote livestock benefitted 3.19 lakh households.

• About 10.78 crore accounts of active workers are in banks and post offices; 94 percent of the wages are credited into the accounts of the beneficiaries through an Electronic Fund Management System (EFMS). In 2016-17, over 60 percent payments could be made on time.

• MGNREGS is one of the finest examples of the Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) initiatives of the Government.

• So far Aadhaar numbers have been seeded into NREGASoft database of around 7.05 crore workers and 2.86 crore workers (till the date of publication of the present report under discussion) have started getting their payments through Aadhaar Based Payment Bridge System (ABPS).

• There are plans to engage nearly 4000 Barefoot Technicians (BFTs) on the ground during the financial year 2016-17.

• The online Management Information System (MIS) portal of NREGS contains real time reports and records for over 6 lakh villages and work & payment details of 13 crore households, 28 crore workers, and around one crore works every year.

• In the financial year 2016-17, the states took upon themselves the targets related to farm ponds/ dug wells, vermicompost, Anganwadi Centres (AWCs), Individual Household Latrines (IHHLs) and road side plantations. As such, the states have targeted to construct 8,77,300 lakh farm ponds/ dug wells, 10.39 lakh vermicompost units, 6331 AWCs, 33 lakh IHHLs, and 49,482 kilometres of road side plantations. Besides, there is considerable thrust on individual asset creation like poultry, goatery and cattle sheds, soak pits etc. and various kinds of integrated natural resource management works.

The report entitled Performance, Initiatives and Strategies (FY 2015-16 and FY 2016-17) has provided a list of major challenges experienced in the implementation of MGNREGA, which are as follows:

• Unrealistic and improper planning at the Gram Panchayat-level.

• Delays in wage payment.

• Fund constraints

• Quality, durability and usefulness of assets can be questioned.

• Low awareness of the programme and less public participation.

• Lack of outcome based monitoring.

• Poor maintenance of records.

• Inadequate coverage of persons with disabilities (PwDs) and of women in some states.

• Non-compliance with transparency and accountability provisions.

• Lack of ICT infrastructure.

• Inadequate capacity of functionaries.

• Lack of adequate number of technical staff.

 


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