The key findings of the NSS 68th Round Report: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Social Groups in India (released in January 2015) pertaining to the participation of rural households in MGNREGA works are as follows (please click here to download the report):
(i) Households with MGNREG job cards and registration of persons in MGNREG job cards
• About 38.4% of the households in rural areas had MGNREGA job cards.
• A higher proportion of households belonging to ST or SC category had MGNREGA job cards than OBC or others category of households: 57.2% of ST households and 50% of SC households had MGNREG job cards as compared to 34.2% of OBC households and 27.1% of others category of households.
• About 23.7% of the rural persons of age 18 years and above were registered in MGNREG job card.
• Among persons of age 18 years and above, a higher proportion of males compared to females were registered in MGNREGA job card: nearly 28.1% of males compared to 19.4% of females were registered in MGNREGA job card.
• The proportion of persons of age 18 years and above registered in MGNREGA job cards was the highest, nearly 42.6% for persons belonging to ST households, followed by 30.9% for SC, 21% for OBC and the lowest 14.7% for persons in others category of households.
(ii) Status of getting work in MGNREG work among persons of age 18 years and above registered in MGNREG job cards
• Among rural persons of age 18 years and above registered in MGNREG job cards, 50.5% got work in MGNREGA work, 18.8% sought but did not get MGNREG works and 30.5% did not seek work in MGNERG work.
• Proportion of persons who got work in MGNREGA work was the highest among SC (55.6%), followed by ST (50.5%), OBC (49.1%) and was the lowest among others category (45.5%).
• The proportion of persons who sought but did not get work in MGNREGA work was the highest for others category of persons (21.9%) and it was the lowest among OBC (16.5%).
• The proportion of persons who did not seek work in MGNERG work was the highest among OBC (nearly 34.2%) and was the lowest among SC (24%), while it was 30.4% among ST and 32.5% among others category.