Right to Work (MG-NREGA)
According to MGNREGA Sameeksha: An Anthology of Research Studies on the MGNREGA 2006-2012, Ministry of Rural Development, http://www.im4change.org/docs/63503975mgnrega_sameeksha.pdf:
•Total number of households provided employment stood at 2.1 crore in financial year (FY) 2006-07, 3.4 crore in FY 2007-08, 4.5 crore in FY 2008-09, 5.3 crore in FY 2009-10, 5.5 crore in FY 2010-11 and 5 crore (provisional figure) in FY 2011-12.
•Total person days of employment under MGNREGA stood at 90.5 crore in FY 2006-07, 143.59 crore in FY 2007-08, 216.3 crore in FY 2008-09, 283.6 crore in FY 2009-10, 257.2 crore in FY 2010-11 and 209.3 (provisional figure) crore in FY 2011-12.
•Between financial years (FY) 2006-07 and 2011-12, Scheduled Castes (SCs) and Scheduled Tribes (STs) have accounted for 51 per cent of the total person-days generated and women for 47 per cent, well above the mandatory 33 per cent as required by the Act.
•Expenditure on NREGA stood at Rs. 8824 crore in FY 2006-07, Rs. 15857 crore in FY 2007-08, Rs. 27250 crore in FY 2008-09, Rs. 37905 crore in FY 2009-10, Rs. 39377 crore in FY 2010-11 and Rs. 37303 crore (provisional figure) in 2011-12.
•Since its inception in 2006, around Rs 1,10,000 crore has gone directly as wage payment to rural households and 1200 crore person-days of employment has been generated. On an average, 5 crore households have been provided employment every year since 2008.
•Eighty per cent of households are being paid directly through bank/post office accounts, and 10 crore new bank/post office accounts have been opened.
•The average wage per person-day has gone up by 81 per cent since the Scheme’s inception, with state-level variations. The notified wage today varies from a minimum of Rs 122 in Bihar, Jharkhand to Rs 191 in Haryana.
•Total number of works taken up under MGNREGA stood at 8.4 lakhs in FY 2006-07, 17.9 lakhs in FY 2007-08, 27.8 lakhs in FY 2008-09, 46.2 lakhs in FY 2009-10, 51 lakhs in FY 2010-11 and 73.6 lakhs (provisional figure) in FY 2011-12.
•Total number of works completed under MGNREGA stood at 3.9 lakhs in FY 2006-07, 8.2 lakhs in FY 2007-08, 12.1 lakhs in FY 2008-09, 22.6 lakhs in FY 2009-10, 25.9 lakhs in FY 2010-11 and 14.3 lakhs (provisional figure) in FY 2011-12.
•146 lakh works have been taken up since the beginning of the programme, of which about 60 per cent have been completed. Of these works,
- 19 per cent relate to rural connectivity (e.g. village roads)
- 25 per cent relate to water conservation and water harvesting
- 14 per cent relate to irrigation canals and renovation of traditional water bodies
- 13 per cent relate to flood protection and drought proofing
- 13 per cent relate to land development
- 14 per cent relate to work done on private lands (lands belonging to small and marginal farmers/SCs/ STs/Below Poverty Line (BPL) households/Indira Awas Yojana (IAY) and land reform beneficiaries)
•12 crore Job Cards (JCs) have been given and these along with the 9 crore muster rolls have been uploaded on the Management Information System (MIS), available for public scrutiny. Since 2010–11, all details with regard to the expenditure of the MGNREGA are available on the MIS in the public domain
According to Social Protection for a Changing India (May, 2011), The World Bank, http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentSe
• Administrative data and field studies suggest both significant successes in NREGS relative to previous public works programs (e.g., high coverage of rural households, with impressive inclusion of SC/ST and women workers) and many challenges in translating improved program design into outcomes for the poor, such as, matching demand for work with the administrative demands of opening worksites; aligning piece rate compensation with the minimum wage requirement; strengthening mechanisms for community participation in works identification and oversight.
• The number of households to whom job cards were issued under NREGS went up from 38 million in 2006-07 to 65 million in 2007-08 and further to 100 million in 2008-09.