Water and Sanitation

Water and Sanitation


A Rapid Survey on Swachhta Status was conducted by the NSSO during May-June 2015 alongside its regular 72nd Round (July 2014-June 2015) survey covering 3,788 villages and 2,907 urban blocks. The number of households surveyed was 73,176 in rural India and 41,538 in urban India.

The survey aims to give a snapshot of the situation on the availability/ accessibility of toilets, solid waste and liquid waste management at sample village/ ward and household levels aggregated at state and country-levels.

As per the report entitled Swachhta Status Report 2016, which has been prepared by the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (please click here to access):

• Out of the 3788 villages surveyed, 13.1 percent villages in India were found to have community toilets. Out of the sample villages, at the national level, 1.7 percent villages were found to be having the community toilets but not using them. 82.1 percent of all the community toilets available in the villages were being used for defecation or washing purpose.

• From the 2,907 sample urban frame survey (UFS) blocks surveyed at all-India level, 42.0 percent wards were found to have community/ public toilets. At all India-level, 1.6 percent wards were found to be having the community /public toilets but not using them.

• In 54.9 percent of the villages having community toilets, cleaning was being done by the persons employed by the panchayat or on contract payment. In 17.0 percent villages, it was being done by the residents themselves. However, 22.6 percent villages were such where the community toilets were not being cleaned.

• In urban areas, cleaning of community/ public toilets was being done by the persons employed by the local municipal body in 73.1 percent wards having these toilets. 12.2 percent wards were such where the cleaning was being done by the persons employed by the residents’ welfare association. However, community/ public toilets in 8.6 percent wards were not being cleaned by anybody.

• About 36.8 percent wards in urban areas reported to have a proper liquid waste disposal system for community/ public toilets.

• Nearly 36.7 percent villages had pakki nali and 19.0 percent villages had katchi nali as drainage arrangement for waste water coming out of the rural households. 44.4 percent villages had no drainage arrangement.

• Almost 56.4 percent wards reported to have sewer network for disposal of liquid waste.

• 78.1 percent wards reported to have a system of street cleaning.

• 64.2 percent wards were found to have a dumping place for solid waste. These solid waste dumping places were cleaned every day in case of 48.2 percent wards, on a weekly basis in case of 37.7 percent wards and on a monthly basis in case of 9.3 percent wards.  However, 4.9 percent wards were such where the solid waste dumping place was not cleaned.

• In rural areas, 50.5 percent of the households kept the garbage at a specified place outside their own house, 24.4 percent households disposed of the garbage in the nearby agriculture field, 5.5 percent households kept it at the common place outside the house, 4.4 percent households disposed of the garbage in the biogas plant or manure pit whereas 15.1 percent households threw it around the house.

• In rural areas, 45.3 percent households reported to have sanitary toilets.

• In urban areas, 88.8 percent households reported to have sanitary toilets.

• In rural India for the households having sanitary toilet, percentage of persons using household/ community toilet was 95.6 percent.

• In urban India for the households having sanitary toilet, the percentage of persons using household/ community/ public toilet was 98.7 percent.

• In rural India, 42.5 percent households were found to have access to water for use in toilet.

• In urban India, 87.9 percent households were found to have access to water for use in toilets.

• In rural areas, the percentage of persons going for open defecation was estimated to be 52.1 percent.

• In urban India, the percentage of persons going for open defecation was estimated to be 7.5 percent.

• In rural areas, 55.4 percent households contributed to open defecation. This percentage in urban areas was 8.9 percent.

 




Related Articles

 

Write Comments

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

*

Video Archives

Archives

share on Facebook
Twitter
RSS
Feedback
Read Later