The CAG report on Performance Audit of Agriculture Crop Insurance Schemes (Report no. 7 of 2017), which was tabled in the Parliament on 21 July, 2017 (please click here to access) says that the Government of India (GOI) has introduced several crop insurance schemes over the past three decades to insure the farming community against various risks like natural calamities, pests and disease that lead to partial or full failure of crops. The Comprehensive Crop Insurance Scheme (CCIS), launched in 1985, was the first nation-wide scheme. The CCIS was replaced by the National Agriculture Insurance Scheme (NAIS) in 1999, and Agriculture Insurance Company of India Ltd. (AIC), was designated as implementing agency (IA), with effect from 1st April, 2003. The GOI also introduced a Pilot Weather Based Crop Insurance Scheme (WBCIS) from kharif season 2007 in 20 states to cover the risks to farmers against extreme climatic conditions such as deficit, excess or untimely rainfall, frost, variations in temperature, etc.