Unemployment

Unemployment

 

For the report entitled: Employment and Unemployment Situation Among Major Religious Groups in India (2011-12), the survey conducted by NSSO was spread over 12,737 First Stage Units-FSUs (7,469 villages and 5,268 urban blocks) covering 1,01,724 households (59,700 in rural areas and 42,024 in urban areas) and enumerating 4,56,999 persons (2,80,763 in rural areas and 1,76,236 in urban areas). 

The number of households surveyed at the all-India level in rural areas for the Hindus were 45,565, for the Muslims were 7,141, for the Christians were 4,177, for the Sikhs were 1,346 and for Others were 1,471. In urban areas the number of households surveyed for the Hindus were 31,470, for the Muslims were 6,135, for the Christians were 2,754, for the Sikhs were 747 and for Others were 917.

The number of persons surveyed at the all-India level in rural areas for the Hindus were 2,10,103, for the Muslims were 37,497, for the Christians were 19,846, for the Sikhs were 6,646 and for Others were 6,671. In urban areas number of persons surveyed for the Hindus were 1,26,419, for the Muslims were 31,114, for the Christians were 11,575, for the Sikhs were 3329 and for Others were 3798.

As per the NSS 68th Round Report entitled: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India (2011-12) released in February, 2016, MoSPI (please click here to access):

Self-employment

• In rural India, proportion of households, having major source of income from self-employment, was almost at the same level among Hindus (49.9 percent), Christians (49.8 percent) and Muslims (49.2 percent).

• In urban India, proportion of households with self-employment as the major source of income was the highest among Muslims (50 percent).

Regular wage/ salary

• In both rural and urban India, Christians had the highest proportion of households having major source of income from regular wage/ salary earning (16 percent in rural India and 45.8 percent in urban India).

Casual labour

• In rural India, among the specific religious groups, proportion of households with casual labour as the major source of income was the highest among Hindus (34.8 percent) and lowest among Christians (24.5 percent).

• In urban India, proportion of households with casual labour as the major source of income was the highest among Muslims (15 percent) and lowest for Sikhs (4.1 percent).

Land possessed and land cultivated in rural areas

• Among the specific religious groups, the proportion of households possessing land of size 4.01 hectares or more was the highest for Sikh households (8.5 percent).

• The proportion of households cultivating land of size 4.01 hectares or more was the highest for Sikh households (8.7 percent).

Literacy and Current Attendance in Educational Institutions

• Among persons of age 15 years and above, proportion of not-literates was the lowest for Christians (14.6 percent for rural males, 23.7 percent for rural females, 5.7 percent for urban males and 9 percent for urban females).

• The proportion of persons of age 15 years and above with educational level secondary and above was the highest for Christians in rural areas for both males and females (36.3 percent for rural males and 31.1 percent for rural females) and for females in urban areas (62.7 percent) whereas for males in urban areas it was the highest among Sikhs (67.6 percent).

• Among persons of age 0-29 years, for major religious groups, current attendance rate in educational institutions was the highest for Christians (58.5 percent for rural males, 51.7 percent for rural females, 61.5 percent for urban males and 56.8 percent for urban females).

• Among persons of age 0-29 years, for major religious groups, current attendance rate in educational institutions was the lowest among Muslims (48.7 percent for rural males, 42.1 percent for rural females, 47 percent for urban males and 46.3 percent for urban females).

Labour Force according to usual status (ps+ss)

• Among the specific religious groups, among males in both rural and urban areas, Labour Force Participation Rate (LFPR) was the highest for Sikhs (57.6 percent in rural areas and 56.8 percent in urban areas respectively).

• For females in both rural and urban areas, LFPR was the highest for Christians (30.4 percent in rural areas and 27.7 percent in urban areas respectively).

• In both rural and urban areas for both males and females LFPR was the lowest for Muslims (51.1 percent for rural males, 15.9 percent for rural females, 55.3 percent for urban males and 10.9 percent for urban females).

Work Force according to usual status (ps+ss)

• Among the specific religious groups, for males in rural areas, Worker Population Ratio (WPR) was the highest for Sikhs (56.9 percent) and in urban areas, it was the highest for Hindus (55 percent).

• For females in both rural and urban areas, WPR was the highest for Christians (28.4 percent in rural areas and 25.2 percent in urban areas).

• In both rural and urban areas for both males and females WPR was the lowest for Muslims (49.9 percent for rural males, 15.3 percent for rural females, 53.2 percent for urban males and 10.5 percent for urban females).

Unemployment Rate according to usual status (ps+ss)

• Among the specific religious groups, unemployment rate in both rural and urban areas was the highest for Christians (4.5 percent in rural areas and 5.9 percent in urban areas) and lowest for Sikhs in rural areas (1.3 percent) and Hindus in urban areas (3.3 percent).

Note: In the usual status approach (ps+ss), the activity status of a person is determined on the basis of the reference period of last 365 days preceding the date of survey.

The usual status, determined on the basis of the usual principal activity and usual subsidiary economic activity of a person taken together, is considered as the usual activity status of the person and is written as usual status (ps+ss). According to the usual status (ps+ss), workers are those who perform some work activity either in the principal status or in the subsidiary status. Thus, a person who is not a worker in the usual principal status is considered as worker according to the usual status (ps+ss), if the person pursues some subsidiary economic activity for 30 days or more during 365 days preceding the date of survey.


Rural Experts

Related Articles

 

Write Comments

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

*

Video Archives

Archives

share on Facebook
Twitter
RSS
Feedback
Read Later