Unemployment

Unemployment

According to the NSS report no. 551 (66/10/6) titled Status of Education and Vocational Training in India (66th Round), July 2009-June 2010, published in March 2013, MoSPI, http://mospi.nic.in/Mospi_New/upload/nss_report_551.pdf

In the present survey, NSSO collected data on educational particulars like educational level attained – both general and technical, current attendance in educational institution, type of institution, vocational training received/ being received, etc. from the household members.

Status of Vocational Training Received/ being received

•    Of the persons of age 15-59 years, about 1 per cent was receiving formal vocational training as on the date of survey, about 2 per cent reported to have received formal vocational training and another 5 per cent reported to have received non-formal vocational training. The proportion was lower in the case of females than in the case of males in both the rural and urban areas. Moreover, as expected, the proportions were higher in the urban areas than those in the rural areas.

Age Specific Rate for Formal Vocational Training Received

•    The proportion of persons who received formal vocational training is observed to be the highest (2 per cent) in the age-group 20-24, in rural areas and it decreased gradually over the higher age-groups.

•    In the urban areas, the proportion was the highest in the age-group 25-29 (6 per cent). When both rural and urban areas are considered, the proportion was the highest in the age-group 25-29 (3 per cent). The age-specific proportions for females were lower than those for males in both rural and urban areas.

Field of Formal Vocational Training

•    Among rural males, the most demanded field of training was ‘driving and motor mechanic work’ (18 percent) followed by ‘computer trades’ (17 percent), ‘electrical and electronic engineering trades’ (16 percent), ‘mechanical engineering trades (12 percent) in the rural areas; and in the urban areas the most demanded field of training was ‘computer trades’ (30 percent) followed by ‘electrical and electronic engineering trades’ (19 percent), ‘driving and motor mechanic work’ (11 percent) and ‘mechanical engineering trades’ (10 per cent).

•    Among rural female, the highest demand for field of training was observed in ‘textile related work’ (26 percent).This was followed by the ‘computer trades’ (18 percent) and ‘health and paramedical services related work’ (14 percent). Among the urban female, the choices in terms of proportions were ‘computer trades’ (32 percent), ‘textile related work’ (18 percent) and ‘health and paramedical related work’ (9 percent).

Institution of Formal Vocational Training

•    About 32 per cent of rural males received/ receiving formal vocational training from ‘industrial training institute/industrial training centres’ followed by 13 per cent from ‘recognised motor driving schools’. For rural females the highest proportion of persons received/receiving formal vocational training was observed for ‘Tailoring, Embroidery and Stitch Craft Institutes’.

•    In the urban areas highest proportion of males received/receiving formal vocational training was observed for ‘Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) / Industrial Training Centres and for female the highest was for ‘Tailoring, Embroidery and Stitch Craft Institutes’.

Helpfulness of Formal Vocational Training

•    In the rural area, nearly 19 percent reported the training as helpful in taking up self-employment activity compared to 14 per cent in urban areas and in rural areas 32 per cent reported the training as helpful in taking up wage/salaried employment compared to 51 per cent in urban areas. Nearly 36 per cent in rural areas and 24 per cent in urban areas reported that the training was not helpful in getting a job.

•    At the all-India level 59 percent of those received formal vocational training reported the training as helpful in getting a job (self-employment activity or wage/ salaried employment) - 16 per cent reported the training as helpful in taking up self-employment activity and 44 per cent reported the training as helpful in taking up wage/ salaried employment.


Rural Experts

Related Articles

 

Write Comments

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

*

Video Archives

Archives

share on Facebook
Twitter
RSS
Feedback
Read Later