Education

Education

 

Progress in Elementary Education since 1999
Progress in Elementary Education since 1999
Source: RGI; SES, MHRD
Growth of Educational Institutions since 1999

 
Growth of Educational Institutions since 1999

Source: SES, MHRD

From the table below, one can decipher that although enrolment of both boys and girls has increased in between 1999-2000 and 2004-2005, yet there exist gender disparities in enrolment.

Sex-wise Enrolment by Stages, 1999-2000 to 2003-04
 Sex-wise Enrolment by Stages, 1999-2000 to 2003-04
Source: SES, MHRD *Provisional
Seminar Report "Right to Education - Actions Now" 19 December 2007, New Delhi by Confederation of Indian Industry show:
  • According to the VII Educational Survey (2002), the number of habitations, which had a primary school within a distance of 1 km was 10.71 lakh (87%); the uncovered habitations numbered 1.6lakh.

 

  • Access facilities in the upper primary schooling is, however, still an issue as, only 78% of the habitations had such facilities within a radius of 3 Km. In 2002-03. This catered to the need of 86% of the rural population. Nearly, 88,930 new upper primary schools have been opened since 2002-03. However, a gap still remains.

 

  • In Madhya Pradesh, only one third of the teachers attend school, in UP, the figure is 20% and in Bihar 25%.

 

  • There is a need of more upper primary schools. At the national level, there was one upper primary school for 2.8 primary schools in 2004-05. In 2005-06 this ratio of number of primary to upper primary schools was 2.5:1. To bring the ratio of primary: upper primary school to 2:1 (SSA norm), the additional need for upper primary schools works out to 1,40,000.”

 

  • The Sarva Siksha Abhiyan (SSA) has recruited 7.95 lakh teachers to improve the pupil-teacher ratio from 44:1 to 40:1 at the primary level in addition to providing annual in-service training, free distribution of textbooks to the tune of Rs 6.9 crores.

 

  • The dropout rates were 15% in 2002-03, which reduced to 13% in 2003-04 and further reduced to 12% in 2004-2005. Although the trend is encouraging, concerted efforts would be needed to ensure further reduction.

 

  • In absolute terms, a substantial increase in the number of teachers has been registered since 1999-2000. At the primary stage, there were 19.2 lakh teachers in 1999-2000. This increased to 20.9 lakh in 2003-04. With respect to the upper primary stage, this increased from 12.98 lakh to 16.02 lakh

 

  • The government has set up institutions like Sarva Shiksha Abhiyaan (SSA), District Primary Education programme (DPEP), National Programme of Nutritional Support to Primary Education (NP-NSPE), the Mid Day Meal Scheme (MDMS) and the Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya Scheme (KGBVS).
According to the UNESCO Institute for Statistics:

40% of children are enrolled in pre-primary school
40% of children are enrolled in pre-primary school
 87% of girls and 90% of boys are in primary school
87% of girls and 90% of boys are in primary school
12% of the population of tertiary age are in tertiary education
12% of the population of tertiary age are in tertiary education
86% of children complete a full course of primary
86% of children complete a full course of primary
10.7% of government spending goes to education
10.7% of government spending goes to education
65.2% of adults and 81.3% of youth are literate
65.2% of adults and 81.3% of youth are literate

Education at a glance
Youth (15–24 years) literacy rate, 2000–2007*, male 87
Youth (15–24 years) literacy rate, 2000–2007*, female 77
Number per 100 population, 2006, phones 15
Number per 100 population, 2006, Internet users 11
Primary school enrolment ratio 2000–2007*, gross, male 90
Primary school enrolment ratio 2000–2007*, gross, female 87
Primary school attendance ratio 2000–2007*, net, male 85
Primary school attendance ratio 2000–2007*, net, female 81
Secondary school enrolment ratio 2000–2007*, gross, male 59
Secondary school enrolment ratio 2000–2007*, gross, female 49
Secondary school attendance ratio 2000–2007*, net, male 59
Secondary school attendance ratio 2000–2007*, net, female 49
Note: Enrolment ratio means total enrolment in a specific level of education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the eligible official school-age population corresponding to the same level of education in a given school year. For the tertiary level, the population used is that of the five-year age group following on from the secondary school leaving

Source: UNICEF,
http://www.unicef.org/infobycountry/india_statistics.html



 

Rural Experts

Related Articles

 

Write Comments

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

*

Video Archives

Archives

share on Facebook
Twitter
RSS
Feedback
Read Later