Hunger Overview

Hunger Overview

What's Inside


According to the report The State of Food Insecurity in the World 2014: Strengthening the enabling environment for food security and nutrition, FAO, IFAD and WFP (please click here to download):

Indian scenario

•    Between 1990-92 and 2012-14, the number of people undernourished* in India has declined by 9.5 percent.

•    Between 1990-92 and 2012-14, the proportion of undernourished in the total population of India has declined by 36.0 percent.

•    The number of undernourished people in India was 210.8 million in 1990-92, 186.2 million in 2000-02, 235.7 million in 2005-07, 190.4 million in 2009-11 and 190.7 in 2012-14.

•    The proportion of undernourished in the total population of India was 23.8 percent in 1990-92, 17.6 percent in 2000-02, 20.6 percent in 2005-07, 15.8 percent in 2009-11 and 15.2 percent in 2012-14.

•    In the entire South Asia, the highest number of undernourished people are found in India i.e. 190.7 million in 2012-14.

•    In the case of China, the number of undernourished people declined by 47.8 percent from 288.9 million in 1990-92 to 150.8 million in 2012-14.

Global scenario

•    805 million people are estimated to be chronically undernourished in 2012–14, down more than 100 million over the last decade, and 209 million lower than in 1990–92. In the same period, the prevalence of undernourishment has fallen from 18.7 to 11.3 percent globally and from 23.4 to 13.5 percent for the developing countries.

•    Since 1990–92, 63 developing countries have reached the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) hunger target and 25 countries have achieved the more stringent World Food Summit (WFS) target. Of the 63 developing countries that have achieved the MDG hunger target, 11 countries have maintained the prevalence of undernourishment below 5 percent since 1990–92.

•    Since 1990–92, the number of hungry people has fallen by over 200 million. The sheer size of Asia makes it a region of extremes: 217 million Asians have overcome hunger since 1990–92; yet, it is still the region where two-thirds of the world’s hungry live.

•    The vast majority of hungry people live in developing regions, which saw a 42 percent reduction in the prevalence of undernourished people between 1990–92 and 2012–14. Despite this progress, about one in eight people, or 13.5 percent of the overall population, remain chronically undernourished in these regions, down from 23.4 percent in 1990–92.

* Undernourishment: A state, lasting for at least one year, of inability to acquire enough food, defined as a level of food intake insufficient to meet dietary energy requirements. For the purposes of this report, hunger was defined as being synonymous with chronic undernourishment.


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