Explained: Why One Nation, One Ration Card scheme could be a boon for poor migrants -Mehr Gill

-The Indian Express

Essentially, the ONORC scheme has been launched keeping in mind the internal migration of our country.

Last Friday, the government launched the pilot project for the inter-state portability of ration cards between Telangana and Andhra Pradesh, and between Maharashtra and Gujarat, as part of its ‘One Nation, One Ration Card’ scheme. “It is a historic day. We have started off inter-state portability of ration card pairing two states each,” the Minister for Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution, Ram Vilas Paswan said in a statement.

What is a ration card?

A ration card is issued to the head of the family, depending on the number of members in a family and the financial status of the applicant. It is used by households to get essential food grains at subsidised prices from designated ratio shops (also called fair price shops) under the Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS). Over the years, different types of ration cards were issued depending on the level of deprivation. Later, in 2013, when the National Food Security Bill (NFSA) was passed, different ration cards were compressed to just two — priority and Antyodaya (for the most poor). The responsibility of identifying eligible families and issuing ration cards to them rests with the state/UT government.

What is a ration shop?

Ration shops can be privately owned or owned by cooperative societies or by the government. Ownership licenses are issued by the concerned state government. Presently, commodities including wheat, sugar, rice and kerosene are being allocated as part of the TPDS. State governments have the discretion to provide additional commodities.

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The Indian Express, 22 August, 2019, https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/one-nation-one-ration-card-onorc-scheme-boon-for-poor-migrants-5926106/

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