Healthy diet matters -Shenggen Fan
-The Hindu Business Line
Helps combat malnutrition and climate change
The global food system faces major challenges and trends related to rapid urbanisation, changing diets, climate change, political uncertainties, and anti-globalisation sentiments. At the same time, there has been growing recognition that, in addition to addressing multiple burdens of malnutrition, there is an increasing need to seek an environmentally sustainable food system in light of climate change.
The new EAT-Lancet report on healthy diets from sustainable food systems provides strategies for countries and stakeholders to navigate food systems at critical crossroads.
Food systems play a key role in nurturing human health and supporting environmental sustainability, yet currently, they are threatening both. Thus, global efforts are urgently needed to collectively transform diets and food production. In this regard, the report draws from the latest evidence from around the globe, including the International Food Policy Research Institute’s IMPACT model, to present scientific targets as well as overall strategies for food systems.
Drastic changes required
As the report highlights, transforming to healthy diets by 2050 will require drastic changes. Global consumption of healthy foods, such as fruits and vegetables, will need to double, while overconsumption of foods like added sugars and red meat will need to be more than halved (primarily to address excessive consumption in wealthier countries).
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