Most regular jobs in India don't pay well: PLFS -Ishan Anand & Anjana Thampi
Around 45% of salaried workers — the best-paid workers in India — earned less than Rs.10,000 per month, and only about 4% of them earned more than Rs.50,000 per month in 2017-18
The much-awaited report of the Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS) 2017-18 has highlighted the difficult job situation with 6.1% of India’s labour force, and 17.8% of young people (15-29 years) in the labour force reporting to be unemployed.
The recently released unit-level data of the PLFS suggests that job market conditions in the country are more worrisome than what the headline numbers reveal.
The data shows that the proportion of the workforce engaged in regular wage/salaried jobs increased by 5 percentage points between 2011-12 (when the last NSSO employment unemployment survey was conducted) and 2017-18. But this increase was partly because of the denominator effect (the overall workforce declined by 4 percentage points between 2011-12 and 2017-18). As a share of the population, regular workers increased only by one percentage point to 8% over the same period.
Moreover, it is worth noting that India still lags far behind its South Asian neighbours and developing economies such as China (53.1%), Brazil (67.7%) and South Africa (84.8%) in the share of salaried or regular jobs.
While the comparability between PLFS and the previous NSSO EUS rounds has been debated, the PLFS report itself compares the two sets of surveys. To ensure comparability as far as possible, only data from the first visit of PLFS has been used in this analysis (urban households in the survey were revisited by PLFS enumerators, and the revisit data has not been considered here).
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