Tamil Nadu's population set to decline during 2031-41

-The New Indian Express

Tamil Nadu’s population is set to see a decline during 2031-41, unless offset by inward migration, with its population peaking at 2031, according to the latest economic survey.

CHENNAI:
Tamil Nadu’s population is set to see a decline during 2031-41, unless offset by inward migration, with its population peaking at 2031, according to the latest economic survey. The decline is projected at 0.05 per cent. “Population growth will be close to zero in Andhra Pradesh and as low as 0.1-0.2 per cent in Karnataka, Kerala, Telangana, Himachal Pradesh, West Bengal, Punjab and Maharashtra,” the survey stated.

Meanwhile, the percentage of senior citizens in Tamil Nadu, over the age of 60, is projected to increase 22.6 per cent by 2041 from 10.4 per cent in 2011, second only to Kerala that is set to see a 23.9 per cent increase. On the other hand, the population of those between the ages of 0 and 19 is set to see a decrease - from 32.3 per cent in 2011 to 20.6 per cent in 2041. With this, Tamil Nadu must set itself up for a host of other challenges, say experts.

The decline in population, a result of pioneering family planning, may end up with reduced representation of Southern states in the Lok Sabha, said Congress MP Jairam Ramesh in Parliament on Friday. At present, 543 seats are allocated based on the 1971 census- one seat for 10 lakh voters.

Last year, Tamil Nadu had demanded changes to the 15th Finance Commission’s terms of reference that mandated the 2011 population for devolution of resources instead of the 1971 population. Chief Minister Edappadi K Palaniswami had said that the move would severely affect the State, that has made ‘great progress’ in population control in the last 40 years.

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The New Indian Express, 6 July, 2019, http://www.newindianexpress.com/states/tamil-nadu/2019/jul/06/tamil-nadus-population-set-to-decline-during-2031-41-2000119.html?fbclid=IwAR2ShDfGM6N9POSOhvVPr0D7a

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