Corruption

Corruption

State-level highlights

Kerala: All 11 public services* considered for the study are ranked as the least corrupt in the country.
Himachal Pradesh: Most services in the State are ranked as relatively lower corrupt in the country.
Gujarat: Overall the State is ranked as less corrupt in comparison to other States. However certain services like Education, Land Administration and Judiciary are relatively ranked as more corrupt in comparison to others services in the State.
Andhra Pradesh: Govt Hospital and Water Supply services are ranked more corrupt in comparison to other services in the State.
Maharashtra: Municpal services in the State rank among the top five corrupt in the country.
Chattisgarh: On the corruption index all the services in the State are much better ranked than the parent State Madhya Pradesh
Punjab: PDS, Police, Judiciary and Municipal services are ranked more corrupt in comparison to other services in the State.
West Bengal: Water Supply service in the State is ranked as the most corrupt in the country.
Orissa: Judiciary ranks among the top four corrupt in the country
Uttar Pradesh: Electricity, Schools and Income Tax figure high in the corruption rankings.
Delhi: PDS in Delhi is ranked as the second most corrupt in the country
Tamil Nadu: While over all the State ranks 12th on the Corruption Index, Schools, Hospital, Income Tax and Municipalities rank among the top corrupt in the country. This is surprising given that the State has one of the best health infrastructure and also ranks quite high on the Education Development Index.
Haryana: Schools, Land Administration and Police figure among the top corrupt in the country.
Jharkhand: On the corruption index all the services in the State are much better ranked than the parent State Bihar.
Assam: Police is the most corrupt in the country. Electricity figures among the top corrupt.
Rajasthan: Judiciary ranks among the less corrupt in the country
Karnataka: The state ranks fourth on the corruption index because key services like Income Tax, Judiciary, Municipalities & RFI figure among the top corrupt services in the country. However, Electricity & Schools rank among the least corrupt in the country.
Madhya Pradesh: Despite initiating reforms in service delivery, the State still ranks as third most corrupt among States included in the survey. Only Municipal services are ranked relatively better than other services.
J&K: Except Hospital & RFI, most other services rank among most corrupt in the country. Not surprising that it is the second most corrupt State.
Bihar: All the services are ranked among the most corrupt in the country.

Note:
*The eleven public services are: Police (Crime/Traffic), Judiciary, Land Administration, Municipal Services, Govt. Hospitals, Electricity (Consumers) PDS (Ration Card/Supplies), Income Tax (Individual Assesses), Water Supply, Schools (upto 12th) and Rural Finacial Institutions (Farmers).

Source:
India Corruption Study–2005, Transparency India International (TII) and Centre for Media Studies (CMS)

State of the affairs 2005


According to the India Corruption Study–2005, carried out by Transparency India International (TII) and Centre for Media Studies (CMS), with a sample of 14,405 respondents spread across 20 states,

http://www.prajanet.org/newsroom/internal/tii/ICS2k5_Vol1.pdf:

 


 One-third of citizens think that “both the officials concerned and the users” of these eleven services know how much to be paid as “extra” to get a job done or attended to. The eleven public services are: Police (Crime/Traffic), Judiciary, Land Administration, Municipal Services, Govt. Hospitals, Electricity (Consumers) PDS (Ration Card/Supplies), Income Tax (Individual Assesses), Water Supply, Schools (upto 12th) and Rural Finacial Institutions (Farmers).

 Police stands out high on the corruption index. Judiciary (lower Courts) and Land Administration are rated next only to Police. The corruption in Government Hospitals is mostly to do with non-availability of medicines, getting admission, consultations with doctors and availing diagnostic services. Despite reforms, electricity service figure high on corruption index. PDS figures lower in the corruption index score because the problem of common man dealing with services is more to do with leakages in the system rather than direct monetary corruption.

 Kerala stands out as the least corrupt State in India. Bihar, on the other, is the most corrupt State. Jammu & Kashmir is next only to Bihar. In the context of all the eleven services, Bihar stands out far-ahead as the most corrupt State. Himachal Pradesh perhaps is less corrupt – even compared to States like Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra or Gujarat. Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka, Rajasthan and Assam, on the other, also are on the top of corruption.

 Three fourths of those who had interacted with Police department in the last one year are not happy with the services. 88 percent perceive the police department to be corrupt

 In Judiciary, of those who paid bribe, 41 % had paid to influence judgment, 31 % to speed up or delay judgment, 28 percent to get routine jobs like listing of case or to get copy of documents

 


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