Corruption

Corruption

The Corruption Perceptions Index is based on expert opinions of public sector corruption. Countries’ scores can be helped by open government where the public can hold leaders to account, while a poor score [on a scale from 0 (perceived to be highly corrupt) to 100 (perceived to be very clean)] is a sign of prevalent bribery, lack of punishment for corruption and public institutions that don’t respond to citizens’ needs.

According to the Corruption Perception Index 2014, which has been prepared by Transparency International (click here to access link1, link2 and link3)

Indian Scenario

• India's Corruption Perception Index score has improved from 36 out of 100 in 2013 (also score 36 in 2012) to 38 out of 100 in 2014. The country ranks 85 among 175 nations during 2014 in terms of Corruption Perception Index. China ranks 100 among 175 nations with a score of 36 out of 100.

• India’s vibrant democracy reveals the flip side of the coin. Despite the engagement, innovation and participation of vibrant civil society, media and people at large, corruption continues to be one of the country’s biggest challenges.

• It reveals India’s bitter reality of political corruption: the inadequacy of structures of accountability and transparency to deter the corrupt and the access to such mechanisms by the people. The problem urges the conversion of political commitment to concrete action at the highest level of government. In May, a Transparency International report warned that India, along with other countries in South Asia, needs stronger law enforcement, corruption watchdogs and protection of whistleblowers.

• Together with India (38) and China (36), the poor scores of other emerging markets in the Asia Pacific region – such as Malaysia (52), Philippines and Thailand (both 38) and Indonesia (34) – indicate a general weak or ineffective leadership to counter corruption, posing threats for both sustainability of their economies and somewhat fragile democracies.

Global Scenario

• More than two thirds of the 175 countries in the 2014 Corruption Perceptions Index score below 50, on a scale from 0 (perceived to be highly corrupt) to 100 (perceived to be very clean). Denmark comes out on top in 2014 with a score of 92 while North Korea and Somalia share last place, scoring just eight.

• The top 5 nations in terms of Corruption Perception Index during 2014 are: Denmark (Score: 92, Rank: 1), New Zealand (Score: 91, Rank: 2), Finland (Score: 89, Rank: 3), Sweden (Score: 87, Rank: 4) and Norway (Score: 86, Rank: 5).

• The bottom 5 nations in terms of Corruption Perception Index during 2014 are: Somalia (Score: 8, Rank: 174), North Korea (Score: 8, Rank: 174), Sudan (Score: 11, Rank: 173), Afghanistan (Score: 12, Rank: 172) and South Sudan (Score: 15, Rank: 171). 


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