Disaster & Relief

Disaster & Relief

KEY TRENDS

 

• In 8 out of 17 states/ UTs the flood management works were not taken up in an integrated manner covering entire river/ tributary or a major segment of rivers/ tributaries and the Preliminary Project Reports/ Detailed Project Reports (DPRs) were not prepared in accordance with the scheme guidelines. There were huge delays in completion of FMP works which ranged from 10 months to 13 years due to delay in approval of DPRsby the Empowered Committee/ Inter-Ministerial Committee, leading to technical designs becoming irrelevant at the time of actual funding $$
 

• In India total number of people displaced in 2013 due to natural hazards is 2.14 million. However, total number of displaced due to conflict (violent in nature) during 2013 is 64,000 $

 

• During the year 2013, in India 1.04 million people were displaced due to floods and 1.0 million people were displaced due to the tropical cyclone Phailin $

 

• India is one of the ten worst disaster prone countries of the world@

 
• During the last two decades of the 20th century (1982-2001), natural disasters in India had claimed a total death toll of around 1,07,813 people (on an average more than 5,390 death toll every year)@

• India has faced more than 260 events of disasters and over 3.5 million people were affected between 1975 and 2001@

• About 60% of the landmass is prone to earthquakes of various intensities; over 40 million hectares is prone to floods; about 8% of the total area is prone to cyclones and 68% of the area is susceptible to drought*

• In the decade 1990-2000, an average of about 4,344 people lost their lives and about 30 million people were affected by disasters every year*

• The super cyclone in Orissa in October, 1999 and the Bhuj earthquake in Gujarat in January, 2001 underscored the need to adopt a multi dimensional endeavour involving diverse scientific, engineering, financial and social processes; the need to adopt multi disciplinary and multi sectoral approach and incorporation of risk reduction in the developmental plans and strategies*

• The monsoons play a critical role in determining whether the harvest will be bountiful, average or poor in any given year**

• A Disaster Risk Management Programme has been taken up with the assistance from UNDP, USAID and European Union in 169 most hazard prone districts in 17 States including all the 8 North Eastern State*

$$ Report No. 10 of 2017: Performance audit of Union Government Schemes for Flood Control and Flood Forecasting Reports of Ministry of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation (tabled in the Parliament on  21 July, 2017), please click here to access
 
$ Global Estimates 2014: People displaced by disasters, produced by Norwegian Refugee Council and Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (please click here to download)
 
@ Disaster Management in India (2011), Ministry of Home Affairs, GoI
 
* Disaster Management in India, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India
 
** Natural Disasters and Crop Insurance, Government of India
 




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