Human Rights


• In 2015, the NCRB recorded over 73 lakh complaints of cognizable crimes. Cognizable crimes are relatively serious offences for which police officers do not need a warrant from the magistrate to investigate, such as murder and rape. Between 2005 and 2015, crime rate (i.e., crime per lakh population) for cognizable crimes has increased by 28% from 456 complaints per lakh persons to 582 per lakh persons. This has been primarily because of increase in crime rates of alcohol-prohibition crime, theft, kidnapping and abduction, crimes against women and cheating ##
• At the national-level, the total number of deaths in police custody was 97 in 2015 $$

• The total number of police personnel charge-sheeted for human rights violation was 34 in 2015. No police personnel was convicted for human rights violation in 2015 $$

• The total number of civilians killed and injured during police firing in 2015 were 42 and 39, respectively. The total number of civilians killed and injured during police lathi-charge in 2015 were 7 and 298, respectively $$

• The rate of total cognizable crime committed against women in India has been 53.9 in 2015, which was 56.3 in 2014 $$

• The rate of cognizable crime relating to rape has been the highest in Delhi UT (23.7), followed by Andaman & Nicobar Islands (13.5) and Chhattisgarh (12.2) $$

• The rate of total cognizable crime committed against children in India has increased from 20.1 in 2014 to 21.1 in 2015 $$
• India has detected trafficking victims from other countries in the subregion, particularly Nepal and Bangladesh. Victims trafficked from other areas– for example Eastern Europe - have also been detected in India, but only sporadically. Victims from a variety of countries in South-East Asia and the Indian sub-continent are trafficked mainly to the Gulf and other Middle Eastern countries**

• Globally, there has been a rise in the share of girl children in the total number of detected trafficking victims from 10% in 2004 to 21% in 2011. Similarly, the share of boy children in the total number of detected victims increased from 3% in 2004 to 12% in 2011. However, the share of adult women in the total number of detected victims fell from 74% in 2004 to 49% in 2011** 
• In 2014 the percentage of elders abused went up drastically from 23% in the previous year to 50%. Women seemed to be more vulnerable with 52% women facing abuse as against 48% men*

The total number of crimes committed against women increased from 2,28,650 in 2011 to 2,44,270 in 2012. An increase of 1.1% in human trafficking incidence was observed (3,554 cases in 2012 as compared to 3,517 in 2011) $

The total number of crimes committed against children increased from 33,098 in 2011 to 38,172 in 2012 $

• The total number of crimes committed against Scheduled Castes (SCs) and Scheduled Tribes (STs) in 2012 stood at 33,655 and 5,922, respectively $

205 cases of Human Rights Violation by Police were reported during 2012 out of which 19 were charge-sheeted $

• From 2001 to 2010, the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) recorded 14,231 deaths in police and judicial custody in India. This includes 1,504 deaths in police custody and 12,727 deaths in judicial custody from 2001-2002 to 2009-2010#

• In the last three years, 2,044 cases of police torture were registered to the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC). These included 574 cases in 2008-2009, 615 cases in 2009-2010 and 855 cases in 2010-2011#

• The NHRC registered only a total of the 25 cases of death in the custody of the military/ para-military forces from 2001-2002 to 2009-2010 up to 28 February 2010#
## Police Reforms in India (June 2017), authored by Anviti Chaturvedi, PRS Legislative Research, please click here to access  
$$ Crime in India 2015, National Crime Records Bureau (released in 2016),
** Global Report on Trafficking in Persons 2014, United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), (please click here to access the report)
* Elder Abuse in India (2014) by HelpAge India, (please click here to download) 

$ Crime in India 2012, National Crime Records Bureau,   


# Torture in India 2011, Asian Centre for Human Rights, 


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