Human Rights


According to the report entitled Crime in India 2015 Statistics (published in 2016), which has been published by the National Crime Records Bureau, http://ncrb.gov.in/ :

Human Rights Violation

• At the national-level, the total number of cases registered against State Police and Central Paramilitary Forces for human rights violation was 94 in 2015. However, 12 cases were found to be false. The total number of police personnel charge-sheeted for human rights violation was 34 in that year. No police personnel was convicted for human rights violation in 2015.

• The total number of criminal cases registered against police personnel during 2015 was 5526 at the national-level. It must be noted that the complaints against police personnel exclude human rights violation by police but these crime may be related to family/ domestic complaints, etc.

• At the national-level, the total number of deaths in police custody was 97 in 2015, out of which 6 can be attributed to injuries sustained during the police custody due to physical assault by police, 6 can be attributed to injuries sustained prior to police custody, 1 can be attributed to mob attack/ riots, 3 can be attributed to assault by other criminals, 34 can be attributed to suicide, 5 can be attributed to while escaping from police custody, 11 can be attributed to illness, 9 can be attributed to natural deaths, 1 can be attributed to road accident/ journey connected to investigation, 12 can be attributed to hospitalization and 9 can be attributed to other reasons.

• The total number of death or disappearance reported in police custody/ lockup (of persons not remanded to police custody by Court) during 2015 was 67. The total number of policemen convicted for death or disappearance in police custody/ lockup (of persons not remanded to police custody by Court) was zero in 2015.

• The total number of death or disappearance reported in police custody/ lockup (of persons remanded to police custody by Court) during 2015 was 30. The total number of policemen convicted for death or disappearance in police custody/ lockup (of persons remanded to police custody by Court) was zero in 2015.

• The total number of civilians killed and injured during police firing in 2015 were 42 and 39, respectively.

• The total number of civilians killed and injured during police lathi-charge in 2015 were 7 and 298, respectively.

• The number of civilians killed and injured by terrorists or militants during 2015 were 19 and 67, respectively.

• The number of civilians killed and injured by Naxalites or Left-Wing Extremists during 2015 were 11 and 23, respectively.

• The number of civilians killed and injured during riots in 2015 were 6 and 292, respectively.

Crime against women

• The rate of total cognizable crime committed against women in India has been 53.9 in 2015, which was 56.3 in 2014. The rate of total cognizable Crime against women = (Incidences of Crimes against Women divided by Female Population) multiplied by 100000 i.e. Incidence of Crime per one lakh of Female Population

• In terms of percentage share to total crime against women, in 2015 most were committed in Uttar Pradesh (10.9 percent), followed by West Bengal (10.1 percent), Maharashtra (9.5 percent) and Rajasthan (8.6 percent).

• Among the states, the rate of total cognizable crimes committed against women in 2015 has been the highest in Assam (148.2 crimes per lakh women population), followed by Telengana (83.1), Odisha (81.9) and Rajasthan (81.5). Among the Union Territories (UTs), the rate of total cognizable crimes committed against women has been the highest in Delhi UT (184.3 in 2015, which was 169.1 in 2014). 

 

• The rate of cognizable crime relating to rape has been the highest in Delhi UT (23.7), followed by Andaman & Nicobar Islands (13.5) and Chhattisgarh (12.2). In 95.5 percent of rape cases (under Section 376 IPC) during 2015, the offenders were known to the victims.

 

• The rate of cognizable crime relating to rape has gone up from 3.5 in 2004 to 6.1 in 2014 but declined marginally to 5.7 in 2015. The number of cases reported about such crime has almost doubled from 18,233 in 2004 to 34,651 in 2015.

• The rate of cognizable crime relating to Assault on women with intent to outrage her Modesty has gone up from 6.6 in 2004 to 13.7 in 2014 but declined marginally to 13.6. The number of cases reported about such crime has more than doubled from 34,567 in 2004 to 82,422 in 2015.

• The rate of cognizable crime relating to Cruelty by Husband or his Relatives has almost doubled from 11.1 in 2004 to 20.5 in 2014 but fell marginally to 18.7 in 2015. The number of cases reported about such crime has increased from 58,121 in 2004 to 1,22,877 in 2014 but declined to 1,13,403 in 2015.

• The number of cases reported about the crime of Insult to Modesty of Women (Section 509 IPC) at Office Premises has been the highest in Delhi UT (36), followed by Telengana (32) and Maharashtra (27).

• The number of cases reported about the crime of Insult to Modesty of Women (Section 509 IPC) in Public Transport System has been the highest in Telengana (179) followed by Maharashtra (28).

Crime against children

• The rate of total cognizable crime committed against children in India has increased from 20.1 in 2014 to 21.1 in 2015. The rate of total cognizable Crime against children = (Total Incidences of Crimes against children divided by Children Population) multiplied by 100000 i.e. Incidence of Crime per one lakh of Children Population

• The rate of total cognizable crime committed against children in 2015 has been the highest in Delhi UT (169.4), followed by Andaman & Nicobar Islands (75), Chandigarh (67.8) and Mizoram (50.1).

• The number of cases reported about infanticide has been highest in Madhya Pradesh (25) followed by Rajasthan (18) during 2015. The number of cases reported about foeticide has been the highest in Madhya Pradesh (17), followed by Haryana (14) and Rajasthan (13) during 2015.


• In 94.8 percent of rape cases (under Section 4 & 6 of the POCSO Act) during 2015, the offenders were known to the raped child victims.


Crime against Scheduled Castes (SCs) and Scheduled Tribes (STs)

• The rate of total cognizable crime committed against SCs in India has declined from 23.4 in 2014 to 22.3 in 2015. The rate of total cognizable Crime against SCs = (Total cases reported under crime against SCs divided by Total Population of SCs) multiplied by 100000 i.e. Incidence of Crime per one lakh population of SCs.

• The rate of total cognizable crime committed against SCs in 2015 has been the highest in Rajasthan (57.3), followed by Andhra Pradesh (52.3) and Goa (51.1).

• In terms of percentage share to total crime against SCs, in 2015 most were committed in Uttar Pradesh (18.6 percent), followed by Rajasthan (15.6 percent) and Bihar (14.3 percent).

• The rate of total cognizable crime committed against STs in India has fallen from 11.0 in 2014 to 10.5 in 2015. The rate of total cognizable Crime against STs = (Total cases reported under crime against STs divided by Total Population of STs) multiplied by 100000 i.e. Incidence of Crime per one lakh population of STs.

• The rate of total cognizable crime committed against STs in 2015 has been the highest in Kerala (36.3) followed by Rajasthan (34.7) and Andhra Pradesh (27.3).

• In terms of percentage share to total crime against STs, in 2015 most were committed in Rajasthan (29.4 percent), followed by Madhya Pradesh (14 percent) and Chhattisgarh (13.9 percent).

 

Note:


• The National Crime Records Bureau follows ‘Principal Offence Rule’ for counting of crime. Hence among many offences covered in a single registered criminal case, only most heinous crime in the registered case has been considered as counting unit representing that case.

• The Socio-economic causative factors or reasons of crimes are not being captured by the NCRB. Only police registered criminal cases are being captured for this publication.

• Analysis of crimes in all the chapters in this report has been done on the basis of First Information Report (FIR), as registered by police.

• In some crime heads, figures of persons arrested/ charge-sheeted/ convicted/etc. may be less than the corresponding registered cases, as accused might not have been arrested or died etc.

• For some crime heads, cases/ persons pending for investigation or trials brought forward in 2015 may not match with the previous year data (2014), due to change/ modification of sections of that crime heads under the revised proformae.

 


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