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Maternal mortality ratio is falling but more effort required to catch up with ChinaMaternal mortality ratio is falling but more effort required to catch up with China

The country's maternal mortality ratio (MMRatio) exceeds that of China by a huge margin, which not only indicates the poor status of women in our society but also the miserable functioning of health system, among other things. However, there is some good news around the corner to cheer about. Recently released data by the Sample Registration System (SRS) bulletin indicates that for the country as a whole the MMRatio has declined steadily from 398 in 1997-98 to 130 in 2014-16, which is a fall by 67.3 percent. During 2014-16, the lowest MMRatio was found in Kerala (46.0), followed by Maharashtra (61.0) and Tamil Nadu (66.0). On the contrary, Assam (237.0) has the highest MMRatio, followed by Uttar Pradesh/ Uttaranchal (201.0) and Rajasthan (199.0).   Although the country's MMRatio has reduced by 22.2 percent between 2011-13 and 2014-16, it went down by 6.2 percent between 2010-12 and 2011-13. Please consult the...

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Mining and agriculture lag behind other sectors in terms of GVA growth in Jan-Mar '18Mining and agriculture lag behind other sectors in terms of GVA growth in Jan-Mar '18

The country’s agrarian sector in the last financial year expanded at almost half the rate at which it grew in 2016-17, shows the recently released provisional estimates by the Central Statistics Office (CSO). As compared to a growth rate of 6.3 percent witnessed in 2016-17, the growth rate in real Gross Value Added (GVA) by the agrarian sector (i.e., increase in agricultural GVA after neutralizing the effect of price inflation) had nearly halved to reach 3.4 percent in 2017-18.  The recently released provisional estimates has revised the growth in real GVA by the agrarian sector during 2017-18 to 3.4 percent, up from 3.0 percent as was suggested by the second advance estimates (released on 28th February, 2018). The first advance estimates (released on 5th January, 2018) had predicted the annual growth in real GVA by the agrarian sector to be 2.1 percent for 2017-18. Please check the interactive chart-1 for...

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Non-agricultural jobs pay better than the agrarian ones, on average, though wage rates vary across different rural occupationsNon-agricultural jobs pay better than the agrarian ones, on average, though wage rates vary across different rural occupations

If someone is a rural male, what occupation would he prefer? A rational person might say that depending on the highest prevailing daily wage rate in a particular occupation (which is subject to seasonal variation) vis-à-vis the rest, he will make his choice.   An exercise undertaken by the Inclusive Media for Change team based on the latest available month-wise wage data of rural men shows that there is a seasonal variation in average nominal daily wage rate for a particular occupation (agricultural as well as non-agricultural). As a result, if one compares across different agricultural jobs, it could be observed that in January 2018 the highest wage rate was enjoyed by 'Loggers and Wood Cutters' (viz. Rs. 353.3/-), whereas the lowest daily wage rate was received by 'Animal Husbandry Workers, including Poultry Workers, Dairy Workers & Herdsman' (viz. Rs. 225.4/-), in nominal terms. However, in June last year, 'Fishermen Inland'...

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Close to a quarter of households in 13 states have faced corruption in 2018, shows a recent studyClose to a quarter of households in 13 states have faced corruption in 2018, shows a recent study

The present NDA government led by the BJP at the Centre came to power in 2014 on the planks of development and anti-corruption. However, contrary to PM Narendra Modi's slogan of 'Na Khaunga, Na Khaane Doonga' (meaning ‘would not take bribes, nor would let anyone accept bribe’), a new report by the Delhi-based Centre for Media Studies (CMS) shows that almost three-fourth of Indian households think that the level of corruption in public services has either increased or remained the same during the last 12 months. But the CMS report has some good news in store, as well. Based on a survey conducted in both rural and urban areas across 13 states, the recently released India Corruption Study 2018 has found that the proportion of households experiencing corruption while availing any of the nine public services has almost halved - from 52 percent in 2005 to 27 percent in 2018....

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Karnataka excels in social audit coverage of both districts & GPs under MGNREGA in 2017-18Karnataka excels in social audit coverage of both districts & GPs under MGNREGA in 2017-18

  One of the salient features of the Mahatma Gandhi Rural Employment Guarantee Act (2005) is that there are provisions in it to ensure transparency and accountability. Section 17(2) of the MGNREGA says that the gram sabha shall conduct regular social audits of all the projects under the scheme taken up within the gram panchayat (GP). In addition to that, Section 17(3) of the MGNREGA states that the GP shall make available all relevant documents including the muster rolls, bills, vouchers, measurement books, copies of sanction orders and other connected books of account and papers to the gram sabha for the purpose of conducting the social audit. The MIS (Management Information System) data provided by the official MGNREGA website www.nrega.nic.in reveals that almost three-fourth of the total 687 districts (viz. almost 74 percent) started social audit for MGNREGA in 2017-18. On the contrary, a little less than one-fifth of 2.62 lakh...

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