Which one is a better indicator for depicting the problem of joblessness -- Proportion Unemployed or Unemployment Rate? June 21, 2019
In a recent blog post, Columbia University professor Arvind Panagariya mentions that the critics of the present Prime Minister of India failed to underscore ‘employment rate’ -- flip side of unemployment rate -- that stood at nearly 94 percent according to the report on Periodic Labour Force Survey 2017-18.
A recent article by Dr. Vikas Rawal and Prachi Bansal, however, points out that in order to understand the problem of joblessness in the country it is better to consider the indicator 'Worker-Population Ratio' (WPR), which is also known as the 'Work Participation Rate' for the age-group 15-59 years (according to usual status) instead of the indicator 'unemployment rate'.
It should be noted that the indicator ‘Proportion Unemployed’ (viz. proportion of persons unemployed in the population) among the age-group 15-59 years is a corollary of WPR.
If 'Proportion Unemployed' (according to usual status) is considered, then it could be noticed that 24.8...
Bihar, U.P. & West Bengal are worst affected by arsenic contamination in groundwater, says recent report May 23, 2019
The Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation (MoWR, RD & GR) in its latest report has identified arsenic hotspots across the country, most notably in the states of Assam, Bihar, Gujarat, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal.
Please consult chart-3 to get an idea about the geographical spread of arsenic hotspots in India.
On the basis of arsenic concentration in the range 0.01-0.05 mg per litre in water samples collected from groundwater observation wells and hand pumps, the recent report has identified 94 districts across the country.
Chart-1 shows that Bihar (19) has the highest number of districts having arsenic concentration in groundwater samples in the range 0.01-0.05 mg per litre, followed by Uttar Pradesh & Gujarat (12 each), West Bengal & Madhya Pradesh (8 each) and Assam (7).
Source: Arsenic hotspots in groundwater in India (2019), Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and...
As days go by, the impact of Cyclone Fani appears more severe May 17, 2019
Initial media reports suggest how timely interventions by various official agencies in Odisha prevented loss of human lives when Cyclone Fani hit that state on 3rd May. However, it is essential to also take into account recent official reports by different agencies, which indicate that the impact of the cyclone has been quite severe.
A situation assessment report on the impact of Fani cyclone dated 15th May, 2019, which was released by the State Emergency Operation Center (SEOC) of Odisha State Disaster Management Authority (http://www.osdma.org), mentions that so far 64 human lives have been lost due to the cyclone, ranging from 3 deaths each in Kendrapada and Jajpur districts to 39 deaths in Puri district. Please consult table-1 below.
Table 1: Human casualty in various district during Cyclone Fani
Source: Situation Report on Extremely Severe Cyclonic Storm – ‘FANI’, dated 15th May, 2019 (3.30PM), State Emergency Operation Center (Bhubaneswar), please...
Growth in Agri GVA deflator saw a rising trend between 2005-06 & 2009-10, despite using different sources of back-series data May 8, 2019
The year-on-year (y-o-y) growth rate in Agri Gross Value Added (GVA) deflator (an alternative measure of inflation) shows a rising trend between 2005-06 and 2009-10. In other words, price rise pertaining to the agrarian sector accelerated during the period under discussion.
This particular trend has been observed irrespective of whether one uses the GVA/GDP back-series data (Base 2011-12=100) that was computed by the National Institution for Transforming India Aayog (NITI Aayog) and the Central Statistics Office (CSO) jointly or the data that was produced by the Committee on Real Sector Statistics (constituted by the National Statistical Commission-NSC). Please check chart-1 and chart-2, apart from table-1 and table-2.
Using both the sources of back-series data (Base 2011-12=100), it has also been found that the y-o-y growth rate in Agri GVA deflator exceeded the y-o-y growth rates of Industrial GVA deflator and Services GVA deflator (except for 2011-12 in case of the...
No change in MGNREGA wage rates observed between 2018-19 and 2019-20 for 4 states & 2 UTs April 18, 2019
Non-payment of MGNREGA wages on time to workers and non-revision of daily wage rates, among other things, have kept the poor away from the programme in many states. When the notified daily wage rates under the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee (2005) Act (MGNREGA) for 2019-20 was announced on 26th March 2019, it became clear that the existing wage rates were not revised (viz. as compared to 2018-19) in the states of Goa (Rs. 254), Karnataka (Rs. 249), Kerala (Rs. 271) and West Bengal (Rs. 191).
In the Union Territories (UTs) of Andaman (Rs. 250) & Nicobar (Rs. 264) Islands and Lakshwadweep (Rs. 248) too, there is no change in the notified wage rates between 2018-19 and 2019-20. Please check chart-1 for details.
The highest notified MGNREGA wage rate in 2019-20 is noticed for Haryana (Rs. 284), followed by Kerala (Rs. 271) and Nicobar (Rs. 264) Island. The lowest...