There is so much confusion about the Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojana February 7, 2019
Against the backdrop of the Finance Minister Shri Piyush Goyal announcing the Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi (PMKSN) programme during his budget speech on 1st February, 2019, it becomes essential to differentiate between 12.56 crore operational holding households (enumerated, as per the Agriculture Census) and 13.33 crore ownership holding households (estimated, as per the 70th round National Sample Survey report no. 571) pertaining to size upto 2 hectares.
In his budget speech, the finance minister said that under the new programme landholding farmer families, having cultivable land upto 2 hectares, will be provided direct income support at the rate of Rs. 6,000/- per year, which will be transferred directly into the bank accounts of beneficiary farmers, in three equal instalments of Rs. 2,000/- each. He added that nearly 12 crore small and marginal farmer families are expected to benefit under the PMKSN programme.
Most commentators and journalists based on the...
MSP was not 1.5 times the cost of production for most kharif crops during the last 6 agricultural years January 15, 2019
In its 2014 election manifesto, the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), among other things, promised to "take steps to enhance the profitability in agriculture, by ensuring a minimum of 50% profits over the cost of production".
In his 2018-19 Union budget speech too, the Finance Minister Shri Arun Jaitley informed the Parliament that the 2014 election manifesto of the BJP had stated that the farmers should get at least 1.5 times the cost of their production. So, the ruling NDA government at the Centre, which has been sensitive to that resolution, declared a minimum support price (MSP) for the majority of rabi crops during rabi marketing season (RMS) 2018-19 at least at 1.5 times the cost of production, said Jaitley. He added that the NDA government decided to extend that formula for fixing MSP for the rest of crops (viz. kharif crops). So, his government decided to fix MSP for all...
Deflation in WPI of 8 kharif crops observed during 2016-17 to 2018-19, while their MSPs grew at a positive rate March 13, 2019
It is being said by economists that unlike the issue of low food production that gripped Indian agriculture for long in the past, the present problem is about farmers not getting remunerative prices against the crops that they are growing. According to farmer leaders, the policymakers are too late to realise that bitter truth. As a result, there is a growing disenchantment in the rural hinterland against the ruling government at the Centre.
An analysis of 14 kharif crops, namely paddy, jowar (sorghum), bajra (pearl millet), ragi (finger millet), maize, arhar/ tur (pigeon pea), moong, urad (black gram), cotton, groundnut, soyabean, sunflower seed, sesamum and Niger seed by the Inclusive Media for Change team has found that the average annual growth rate of minimum support prices - MSP (kharif) surpassed the average annual growth rate of Wholesale Price Index (WPI) during the period from 2016-17 to 2018-19.
Chart-1 shows that...
Farm suicide as an indicator of agrarian crisis should be used with caution December 23, 2018
Passionate about the deepening of agrarian crisis, quite often journalists and media persons cite figures related to farm suicide (as provided by the National Crime Records Bureau) in order to draw the attention of the readers. They do so in the following ways:
* Compare the absolute number of farm suicides (viz. suicide by cultivators + suicide by agricultural labourers) across regions/ states for a particular time point or time period or rank the regions/ states based on their relative performance in terms of the number of suicides committed
* Compare the proportion of farm suicides committed in a particular state/ region (with respect to the total number of farm suicides) with others at a particular time point or a certain time period or rank the regions/ states based on their relative performance in terms of the share of farm suicides committed
* Compare the absolute number of farm suicides in a state...
Marginal & small holdings saw increased fragmentation & contracted size between 2010-11 and 2015-16, indicates latest Agriculture Census December 14, 2018
Just a few days ahead of the Kisan Mukti March in Delhi NCR, the provisional results of the Agriculture Census 2015-16 became available in the public domain. The report, among other things, highlights the long-terms problems affecting Indian agriculture including fragmentation of land holdings (particularly the marginal and small ones) and shrinking average size of farm land.
The provisional results of the latest Agriculture Census reveal that at the national level the average size of operational holdings reduced from 1.15 hectare in 2010-11 to 1.08 lakh hectare in 2015-16, which implies declining economic viability as well as sustainability of farming.
From chart-1, it could be discerned that the average size of marginal holdings decreased from 0.39 hectare to 0.38 hectare between 2010-11 and 2015-16, whereas for small holdings it fell down from 1.42 hectare to 1.41 hectare. In case of large holdings, the average size reduced from 17.38 hectare to...