Karnataka excels in social audit coverage of both districts & GPs under MGNREGA in 2017-18 May 7, 2019
One of the salient features of the Mahatma Gandhi Rural Employment Guarantee Act (2005) is that there are provisions in it to ensure transparency and accountability. Section 17(2) of the MGNREGA says that the gram sabha shall conduct regular social audits of all the projects under the scheme taken up within the gram panchayat (GP). In addition to that, Section 17(3) of the MGNREGA states that the GP shall make available all relevant documents including the muster rolls, bills, vouchers, measurement books, copies of sanction orders and other connected books of account and papers to the gram sabha for the purpose of conducting the social audit.
The MIS (Management Information System) data provided by the official MGNREGA website www.nrega.nic.in reveals that almost three-fourth of the total 687 districts (viz. almost 74 percent) started social audit for MGNREGA in 2017-18. On the contrary, a little less than one-fifth of 2.62 lakh...
Online trolling takes its toll on the country's press freedom ranking July 16, 2018
There is some bad new for the world’s largest democracy. Thanks to the vitiated atmosphere induced by troll attacks on scribes on the social media, among other things, the country's World Press Freedom Index (WPFI) ranking has fallen two places to 138th position.
Among 180 countries, India ranked 136th last year with a score of 42.94. However, in 2018 it attained 138th position with a score of 43.24 according to the WPFI, which has been developed by the international media organisation Reporters without Borders (Reporters Sans Frontières - RSF).
The South Asian countries, which have ranked better than India in 2018 on WPFI are Bhutan (94), Nepal (106), Sri Lanka (131) and Myanmar (137). The neighbouring countries, which fared worse than us on WPFI ranking this year are Pakistan (139), Bangladesh (146) and China (176). Please check table-1 for further details.
Table 1: World Press Freedom Index rankings & scores of...
Between 2015 & 2016, suicide by farmers fell but suicide by agricultural labourers grew April 17, 2018
The total number of farm suicides in the country has reduced from 12,602 to 11,370 between 2015 and 2016 viz. a fall by 9.8 percent. This has been revealed recently in a reply by the Minister of State in the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare Shri Parshottam Rupala in the Lok Sabha.
So, one may wonder why there is such a hue and cry about rural distress and agrarian crisis in the recent times.
Clearly, the minister's reply on 20th March to an unstarred question (no. 4111) shows that although the number of suicides by farmers fell from 8,007 to 6,351 between 2015 and 2016, the number of suicides committed by agricultural labourers increased by 9.2 percent from 4,595 to 5,019 during that span. Please check table-1 for further details.
Table 1: Number of suicides by farmers and agricultural labourers (2013 to 2016)
Source: Reply to Unstarred Question No. 4111 dated 20th March,...
Formal employment rises but less no. of regular jobs created in 2nd quarter of '17-18 April 5, 2018
The increase in organized sector employment (i.e. in establishments employing 10 or more workers) in the second quarter was much higher as compared to that in the first quarter of 2017-18. The seventh round of the Quarterly Report on Employment Scenario in selected sectors (as on 1st October, 2017), which was released in March this year, confirms this.
The Labour Bureau’s latest report says that during the period 1st April to 1st July, 2017-18, organized sector employment grew by 64 thousand in the 8 major sectors of the economy. As opposed to that, during the period 1st July to 1st October, 2017-18, new jobs created in the organized sector was 1.36 lakhs, which is more than twice the organized employment generated in the first quarter. It may be noted that in the last quarter of 2016-17, the net number of workers who got jobs was 1.85 lakhs, which is roughly 49...
Public hearing reveals poor implementation of NFSA and other entitlement-based schemes March 16, 2018
A national-level public hearing, which was organized at the Gandhi Peace Foundation (Delhi) on 15th March, 2018, has revealed that the intended beneficiaries of various entitlement-based welfare schemes and programmes of the Central government are witnessing difficulties and impediments in accessing the benefits and services.
During the public hearing, which was organized by the Right to Food Campaign along with partnering grassroots-level organizations, poor and marginalized citizens from across 14 states gave their testimonies in front of eminent citizens like Members of Parliament (MPs), lawyers, journalists, scholars and social activists. The statements made by those citizens indicate that many were denied ration cards, old age pension, disability pension or even aadhaar, although they had met their respective state’s criteria for inclusion in the entitlement-based schemes and programmes.
A panel of eminent persons witnessing the public hearing organized by the Right to Food Campaign
Image Courtesy: Inclusive Media for Change
It was observed during...