Horticulture output likely to exceed foodgrain production in 2016-17 despite meagre growth

Horticulture output likely to exceed foodgrain production in 2016-17 despite meagre growth


For the fifth year in a row, horticulture production is expected to surpass foodgrain production. However, as compared to the crop years 2014-15 and 2015-16, when drought was faced by most Indian states, horticulture production this year is predicted to rise by a meagre amount.  

As compared to 2014-15 and 2015-16, horticulture production this year is expected to rise by 2.2 percent and 0.4 percent, respectively. However, as compared to 2013-14, which was a normal year in terms of monsoon rainfall, horticulture production in 2016-17 is likely to grow by 3.6 percent. Please see Table-1.  

Table 1: Horticulture and foodgrain production in various years (in million tonnes)
Horticulture Table 
 
Source: Final estimate of 2015-16 & first advance estimates for 2016-17 of area & production of horticulture crops, Press Information Bureau, Ministry of Agriculture, 17 February, 2017, please click here to access
 
Horticulture production outpacing production of foodgrains, Press Information Bureau, Ministry of Agriculture, 4 March, 2016,
please click here to access

Area and production of horticulture crops 2011-12 (final), Ministry of Agriculture,
please click here to access

Second advance estimates of foodgrain production in 2016-17, released on 15 February, 2017, Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare,
please click here to access 
 
Note: The figure on horticulture production for 2016-17 is based on the first advance estimates (released on 17 February, 2017), whereas the figure on foodgrain production for 2016-17 is based on the second advance estimates (released on 15 February, 2017)

Between 2015-16 and 2016-17, foodgrain production is likely to grow by 8.1 percent but horticulture production is anticipated to increase by just 0.4 percent. Although the production of fruits is estimated to be about 2 percent higher than the previous year, the production of vegetables is expected to be marginally lower by 0.3 percent vis-à-vis last year.

The reader should note that for the country as a whole, rainfall during the southwest monsoon season (June-September) as a percentage of long period average (LPA) was 92 percent in 2012, 106 percent in 2013, 88 percent in 2014, 86 percent in 2015 and 97 percent in 2016, as per various reports from the India Meteorological Department (IMD).
 
According to the first advance estimates of horticulture production in 2016-17, which has been released by the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare on 17 February, 2017:

* The horticulture production of the country during 2016-17 is estimated to be around 287.3 million tonnes, which is marginally higher as compared to 2015-16.

* The production of fruits is estimated to be 92 million tonnes, which is about 2 percent higher than the previous year.                           

* The production of vegetables is estimated to be around 168.6 million tonnes, which is marginally lower by 0.3 percent than the previous year.

* The production of spices is estimated to be around 7 million tonnes, which is almost same as previous year.

* The production of onion is estimated to be around 197 lakh tonnes which is 6 percent lower than the previous year, which was a bumper production year. However as compared to the past 5 year’s average onion production, this is about 5 percent higher.

* The production of potato is estimated to be around 439 lakh tonnes which is 1 percent higher than the previous year.

* The production of tomato is estimated to be around 189 lakh tonnes which is about 1 percent higher than the previous year.


References:

Final Estimate of 2015-16 & First Advance Estimates for 2016-17 of Area & Production of Horticulture Crops, Press Information Bureau, Ministry of Agriculture, 17 February, 2017, please click here to access

Horticulture Production Outpacing Production of Foodgrains, Press Information Bureau, Ministry of Agriculture, 4 March, 2016, please click here to access

Area and Production of Horticulture Crops 2011-12 (final), Ministry of Agriculture, please click here to access

Second advance estimates of foodgrain production in 2016-17, released on 15 February, 2017, Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, please click here to access

Bumper foodgrain output expected in 2016-17 but production during rabi may be lower vis-a-vis 2013-14, Newsalert from Inclusive Media for Change dated 17 February, 2017, please click here to read more

Acreage Under Rabi Crops Declined In 2016-17 As Compared To 2013-14, Newsalert from Inclusive Media for Change dated 25 January, 2017, please click here to read more

Right to food activists demand for safeguards to reduce hardships of demonetisation, Newsalert from Inclusive Media for Change dated 30 December, 2016, please click here to read more

Motive behind demonetisation is justifiable but there may be collateral damage, Newsalert from Inclusive Media for Change dated 14 November, 2016, please click here to read more  

Lower production could spike vegetables prices in coming months -Madhvi Sally, The Economic Times, 21 February, 2017, please click here to read more

Onion production might fall by 5.8% in 2016-17 crop year: Government -Sanjeeb Mukherjee & Agencies, Business Standard, 18 February, 2017, please click here to read more

Horticulture output to exceed foodgrain yield -Sanjeeb Mukherjee, Business Standard, 10 February, 2017, please click here to read more
 
Image Courtesy: Inclusive Media for Change/ Shambhu Ghatak



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