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Water and Sanitation

e cleanliness and eliminate open defecation in the country by 2nd October, 2019. With the launch of SBM (G), the construction of toilets in schools and anganwadis has been mandated to the Ministry of Human Resource Development and Ministry of Women and Child Development respectively for greater focus. Under the SBM, the focus is on behavior change. Community based collective behavior change has been mentioned as the preferred approach, although th

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Impact on Agriculture

billion m3 (315 billion gallons). India’s current annual water supply is 740 billion m3 (195 trillion gallons). As a result, by 2030, India’s river basins, including some with the largest Human populations, including the Ganga and the Krishna, are likely to experience severe shortfalls, “unless concerted action is taken,” according to the 2030 Water Resources Group report.   * Livestock impact on Water Pollution

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Time Bomb Ticking

tal emissions in the world is very insignificant in per capita terms. The per capita emission of an Indian citizen is 1.2 tons of CO2 whereas his counterpart in USA contributes 20.6 tons, as per UNDP Human Development Report 2007/2008. The per capita emissions of UK and Japan are 8 times and of USA 17 times higher than that of India. India's contribution to the world total is only 4.6 percent when compared to USA's contribution of 20.9 percent followe

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Public Health

policies including individual policies. • Compared to countries that have either Universal Health Coverage or moving towards it, India’s per capita public spending on health is low. Human Resources in Health Sector • The number of registered allopathic doctors possessing recognized medical qualifications (under Indian Medical Council Act) and registered with state medical council for the years 2016 and 2017 were 25,282 and 17

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years were attending technical/ professional and vocational courses respectively. VII. Attendance by type of courses • Among the male students pursuing general education, 46% were pursuing Humanities as compared to 54% of the female students, 35% of the male students were pursuing science compared to 28% female students and 20% of the male students were pursuing commerce compared to 18% of the female students. • Among the male stude

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Disaster & Relief

Indians. The most recent natural disaster of a cloud burst resulting in flash floods and mudflow in Leh and surrounding areas in the early hours of 6th August, 2010, caused severe damage in terms of Human lives as well as property. There was a reported death toll of 196 persons, 65 missing persons, 3,661 damaged houses and 27,350 hectares of affected crop area. •    Out of 35 states and union territories in the country, 27 of t

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Access to Justice

had the highest number of such undertrials (340) followed by Bihar (252) @ • In India women make up only 2.2% of one of the largest police forces in the world** • India has a National Human Rights Commission as well as 206 separate state Human rights commissions but does not have a single dedicated civilian oversight mechanism for its 35 police forces, many of which are frequently cited for

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General Insecurity

anical threshers/year in Southern India). • A field study surveyed power thresher accidents in Punjab (Northern India) and reported that about 73 per cent of the accidents were due to Human factors, 13 per cent due to machine factors, and the remaining 14 per cent were due to crop and other factors. The All India Coordinated Research Projects (AICRP) on Human engineering and safety in agricu

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HDI Overview

KEY TRENDS   • In 2017, India's Human Development Index (HDI) ranking was 130th (HDI value 0.640) among 189 countries, while China's ranking was 86th (HDI value 0.752), Sri Lanka's 76th (HDI value 0.770), Bhutan's 134th (HDI value 0.612), Bangladesh's 136th (HDI value 0.608) and Pakistan's 150th (HDI value 0.562) **   • In 2015, India's Human Development Index (HDI)

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PDS/ Ration/ Food Security

lating to the use of social programs of education and health. Here cash transfers are conditional on attendance in schools and health clinics. Program benefits are designed to contribute to long-term Human capital development and to provide immediate poverty relief. These benefits are in effect like negative user fees that are paid instead of charged to program participants who attend schools or visit clinics. Note: BPL: Below Poverty Line APL

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