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SDGs

/inside] are as follows: Goal 1: End poverty in all its forms everywhere Goal 2: End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture Goal 3: Ensure Healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages Goal 4: Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all Goal 5: Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls Goal 6: Ensure

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Legislating against hunger

and the need to address the structural roots of hunger. India’s track record, as far as the commitment to tackling hunger and malnutrition is concerned, is among the worst. The National Family Health Survey (2006) showed that the child under-nutrition rate in India is 46 per cent. This figure is almost double that of sub-Saharan Africa, which is economically poorer than India. In the Global Hunger Index (2008), India ranks 66th among the 88 cou

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The Paper Rations

es,” he says. According to him, cash transfers are efficient when the supply side is up and working. “In India, our supply side has been allowed to wither away or has never existed, as in Health and education.” Direct cash transfers could work in old age pension, unorganised sector’s labour benefits, or maternity benefits, but never as a substitute for food, he says. Besides, unlike Brazil, India’s society suffers from ex

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Food for all

onsumption has actually declined, suggesting that the problem of hunger may have got worse rather than better. Consider the evidence on nutritional outcomes from the most recent National Family Health Survey (NFHS), conducted in 2005-06. According to this, 46 per cent of children below three years are underweight; 33 per cent of women and 28 per cent of men have a body mass index (BMI) below normal; 79 per cent of children aged six to 35 months

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Union Budget

ll; Budgetary allocation on Rural Development as a proportion of total budgetary expenditure was 5.7 percent in 2018-19 (B.E.), which reduced to 5.1 percent in 2019-20 (B.E.) • Expenditure on Health was increased from Rs. 55,949 crore in 2018-19 (R.E.) to Rs. 64,999 crore in 2019-20 (B.E.). Budget documents of the Final Union Budget 2019-20 shows that the budgetary allocation on Health was Rs. 54,66

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Key Facts

83 per cent of the cultivable area of the state. The issues related to mono-culture as witnessed in Odisha and Punjab are declining productivity, lower fertilizer response ratio, degradation of soil Health and declining profitability of cultivation. • Crops Diversification Programme is being implemented by the Government in original green revolution states viz. Punjab, Haryana and in Western UP to diversify paddy area towards less water requi

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Rural distress

ility has dropped further. Input costs have consistently risen and the crisis is further aggravated by the absence of fair credit agencies, scientific seed banks and vital services like education and Health. India’s much maligned agricultural subsidy per farmer is not even one hundredth of corresponding subsidies given to the OECD farmers. (India’s per farmer subsidy is $ 66 as against $26000 in Japan, $ 21000 in the US and $ 11000 in the

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Microcredit

he commercialbanks and RRBs put together. Directly or indirectly, it covers nearly half of India’s total population.  Despite the phenomenal outreach and volume of operations, the Health of a very large proportion of these rural credit cooperatives has deteriorated significantly.  The institutions are beset with problems like low resource base, high dependence on external sources of funding, excessive Governmental con

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Forest and Tribal Rights

districts. Among the 83 LWE-affected districts, 42 districts have Scheduled Areas. These regions are marked by the following features: (1) serious neglect and deprivation, widespread poverty and poor Health and educational status; (2) exploitation and oppression by traders and money lenders, on the one hand, and absence of an effective and sensitive civil administration, on the other; (3) large-scale displacement of tribal people for development proje

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Right to Education

;   Only 11% Upper Primary School reported the presence of part-time instructors for art/culture/music and work education. 15% Upper Primary School reported having part-time instructors for Health and physical education. Teachers: •    Non-availability of head teachers was reported in 28% PS and 31% Upper Primary School. •    Only 35% Primary School reported having teachers who had passed thei

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