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Union Budget

cation on Agriculture and Allied Activities as a proportion of total budgetary expenditure was 2.6 percent in 2018-19 (B.E.), which increased to 5.4 percent in 2019-20 (B.E.) • Expenditure on rural Development was increased from Rs. 1,35,109 crore in 2018-19 (R.E.) to Rs. 1,40,762 crore in 2019-20 (B.E.). Budgetary allocation on rural Development was Rs. 1,38,097 crore in 2018-19 (B.E.) • Bu

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Key Facts

ding period last financial year. Contribution of fuel and light group in CPI inflation in 2017-18 (Apr-Dec) was thrice of that in 2016-17 (Apr-Dec). • While food was the main driver of CPI (rural) inflation in 2016-17 (Apr- Dec), miscellaneous category contributed the most to inflation in rural areas during April-December of the current financial year. The contribution of fuel and light, clo

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rural distress

farmers continues to be particularly low, primarily because the schemes have been targeted at loanee farmers, for whom the schemes stipulate mandatory coverage @$   • Within the rural households, the marginal land owners (i.e. possessing more than 0.002 but less than or equal to 1.0 hectare of land) constituted the highest proportion(75.42%) of total rural households, whereas the large

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KEY TRENDS • 36% of the rural households are found to be outside the fold of institutional credit* • The total annual requirement of credit for the rural poor families would be at least Rs.15,000 crores on the basis of a maximum need of Rs.2000/- per family* • Financial services to the poor are provided mainly by the 33,000 ru

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Forest and Tribal Rights

is ‘disputed’. • An analysis of the NSSO data for the 49th round (Jan- June 1993) and 64th round (July 2007- June 2008) shows that the proportion of migrant households among ST in rural areas decreased between 1993 and 2007-08, but the trend was the opposite in urban areas. The NSSO 64th round shows that in urban areas, the proportion of ST migrant households was higher than the proportion of migrant households of other social grou

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Right to Education

luded for analysis which were primary schools and upper primary schools. The analysis and presentation of the data was done at three levels-1. Regionally (North, East, West, South); 2. Location-wise (rural/Urban); 3. Social presence (SC, ST and Others). According to the study entitled [inside]'Learning Blocks' by Child Rights and You (CRY), June, 2013[/inside], 

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Right to Food

nued to issue foodgrains to them. In Maharashtra, the ration cards were revalidated by merely affixing stamps on the existing ration cards under different categories. • Upto 75 percent of the rural and 50 percent of urban population as per Census 2011 at the national level were to be covered under NFSA and the states/ UTs were supposed to be allocated foodgrains as specified for the above coverage. However, only 51 percent of the eligible bene

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Right to Information

Bihar and the NCR of Delhi) said that they learnt about the RTI Act through newspapers. 15 percent said that they learnt about it through friends and family, and 13 percent through television. Among rural RTI applicants, newspapers were the leading source of information about the RTI Act (35 percent) followed by books at 22 percent and television (14 percent). 13 percent heard about the RTI Act through family or friends while still others had heard a

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Human Rights

sector, has no access to social security, is particularly vulnerable in the cities, and is therefore driven into permanent debt, often leading to conditions of bonded labour. • The National rural Employment Guarantee Scheme guaranteed 100 days of work a year to any rural household that needed it. Government data showed that 56 million households applied, 55 million were given work but on average r

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Water and Sanitation

KEY TRENDS   • As of December 2017, only 44 percent of rural habitations and 85 percent of Government schools and anganwadis could be provided access to  safe drinking water, only 18 percent of rural population were provided potable drinking water by piped water supply and only 17 percent of rural households were provided househo

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