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What the data tells us: Are Muslims responsible for India's 'population explosion'? Not quite -Ali MeHDI

-The Times of India blog The Prime Minister expressed concern about ‘population explosion’ in his Independence Day speech, and referred to those with small families as patriotic, ‘responsible citizens’. Last month, BJP MP Rakesh Sinha introduced the Population Regulation Bill, 2019, in the Rajya Sabha. He later claimed that his Bill was not aimed at any religion, caste or community. Regardless, the Shiv Sena targeted a section of the Muslims for their supposedly high

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A bottom-up approach to conservation -Madhav Gadgil

-The Hindu The Western Ghats panel’s suggestions stressed the need to strengthen grass-roots governance In 2018, many people thought that the floods and landslides in Kerala that caused huge financial losses and manifold human tragedies marked a once-in-a-century calamity, and that normalcy will return soon and we can merrily return to business as usual. Further, the probability of two such back-to-back events was only 1 in 10,000. Hence, in 2019, a repeat of the shocking train of

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The Unrealistic Optimism of Indians on Prospects of Upward Social Mobility -Ranjan Ray

me, we are in danger of overlooking the source of the problem. There was an early recognition of this in the Human Development Report (HDR), 1990 that introduced the measure, Human Development Index (HDI), used to rank countries. HDI downplayed the exclusive role played by income in per capita income based comparisons by reducing its weightage from one to a third and bringing in education – which i

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Universal basic income not a panacea for poverty -Piyush Kamal

wth despite dispensing a long list of welfare schemes to target the economically marginalised section of the population. We do not need to look beyond the findings of 2018 human development Index (HDI) released by the United Nations Development Programme for validation. Between 1990 and 2017, India’s HDI value increased from 0.427 to 0.640, an almost 50 per cent increase, which is “an indicat

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UP, Bihar continue to be down in the dumps in HDI: Report

measure, where the country is ranked 130th globally, but are staring at a different trouble, the report notes. Mumbai: Uttar Pradesh and Bihar continue to languish on the human development index (HDI) front, while others, including Haryana and Himachal, have shown an improvement in the past 27 years, says a report. The industrially progressive Gujarat and Maharashtra have slipped in the HDI ranking b

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Governing India's many spaces -Pulapre Balakrishnan

ndicators that ought to be used, I look at the changes since 2014 in three indices for India. These are the indices of the ‘Ease of Doing Business’ (EDB), ‘Human Development’ (HDI) and ‘Environmental Performance’ (EPI). They are self explanatory, and their importance unlikely to be contested, even though they may not exhaust all concerns. Published by separate international bodies, they are used to rank the world&rs

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India's BIMARU states developing but not catching up -Rukmini S

dex (MPI) is a relatively new composite index that seeks to fix some of the conceptual and statistical problems with United Nations Development Programmes (UNDP) widely used Human Development Index (HDI). One major criticism of the HDI was that it is too strongly determined by its income component.The MPI, created by Sabina Alkire and James Foster of the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative, use

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India's progress against multidimensional poverty -Francine Pickup

onal poverty line), found that poverty declined from 21.6% to an estimated 13.4% between 2011 and 2015. The 2018 update to the United Nations Development Programmes (UNDPs) human development index (HDI) said that between 1990 and 2017, Indias HDI value has increased by nearly 50%emblematic of the countrys remarkable achievement in lifting millions out of poverty. And, according to perhaps the most comp

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Country's non-income-based poverty level has fallen over the past 10 years, shows new report

For long, economists have argued among themselves whether income should be the only criterion for measuring poverty. After all, in real life a person can face multiple deprivations, say, in terms of access to education, health and living standards, among others. The multidimensional poverty index (MPI), which offers a valuable complement to traditional income-based poverty measures, was first introduced in the 2010 Human Development Report (HDR). The MPI looks at both the number of deprived

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As India Stares at Glaring Inequality, a One-Spot Jump in HDI is no Cause for Celebration -Sumedha Pal

ndia may have jumped one notch up in its ranking in the latest Human Development Index -- at 131 among 188 countries -- the growing inequalities in the country are a serious cause for concern. The HDI is the composite measure of every country’s attainment in three basic dimensions: standard of living measured by the gross national income (GNI) per capita, health measured by the life expectancy at birth, and education levels calculated by mean

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