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Data on AES related deaths in Bihar during May-June this year is fraught with confusion

nd Hospital (SKMCH), hailed from East Champaran, Vaishali, Sitamarhi and Samastipur apart from Muzaffarpur. Unfortunately, till recently official data on the number of cases and deaths related to Japanese Encephalitis (JE) and Acute Encephalitis Syndrome (AES) was unavailable for the month of June. For quite some time, the website ( of the National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme (NVBDCP) gave data pertaining to en

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Don't blame the litchi -T Jacob John

o;acute encephalitis syndrome” (AES) — becomes handy. Meningitis is most unlikely in large annual seasonal outbreaks. Encephalitis outbreaks in various parts of India are caused by the Japanese Encephalitis (JE) virus, transmitted by Culex mosquitos. The pre-monsoon months of April-May-June have low mosquito density so JE can also be readily excluded. JE occurs in other districts in Bihar, but not in Muzaffarpur, as the ecology is not c

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After Bihar, U.P. braces for encephalitis season -Omar Rashid

f those affected by AES. The disease hits the peak during monsoons, from July to October. Though the outbreak season is yet to commence this year, the BRD hospital has recorded 87 cases of AES and Japanese Encephalitis, of which 19 patients died. Authorities, however, say this is part of a declining trend since 2017 when the hospital was hit by the oxygen-supply tragedy. Please click here to read more.

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Of Encephalitis, Litchis and Blood Sugar: Bihar's AES Outbreak Explained

brella term for a variety of infections, doctors need to know the specific type of infection before they can consider treatment options. Not all forms of AES can be treated equally well. For example, Japanese Encephalitis, caused by the Japanese Encephalitis virus, can be prevented using a vaccine of the same name; once it has infected a person, treatment is usually only of the symptoms, not of the cause it

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Dr. Arun Shah, a Muzaffarpur-based paediatrician, interviewed by Banjot Kaur (Down to Earth)

akhpur where litchi is not grown at a similar scale, but which are affected by AES? AES is not a disease, it is a syndrome under the umbrella of which comes not only hypoglycaemia, but things like Japanese Encephalitis, Herpes meningitis, Race syndrome, cerebral malaria, scrub typhus, etc. All of them are grouped under AES as they have a classical triad of sudden onset of fever, convulsions and loss of consciousness. They may be cases of all of the

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Floods, droughts compound diseases in India -Raghu Murtugudde

What has not been getting as much attention is the disease morbidity due to floods and droughts. India remains a hotspot for cholera, typhoid, malaria, filariasis, leptospirosis, schistosomiasis, Japanese Encephalitis, etc., on the one hand, and for dengue, malaria, Chikungunya, and also incidences of swine flu and Zika. Changes in monsoon It is also evident now that all changes in monsoon occur as variations of these wet and dry spells. Fro

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The encephalitis challenge -Priyanka Chaturvedi & Oommen C Kurian

was trying hard to fix it. Only the local media reported this. It is a fact that U.P. has a problem: many of the children who died were being treated for acute encephalitis syndrome (AES), including Japanese Encephalitis (JE). The BRD Medical College, with around 800 beds, provides tertiary health-care services to Gorakhpur and adjoining districts. It is the only tertiary hospital within a 300-km radius. On September 4, 2016, it was reported that

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Uttar Pradesh's child death crisis -Ramanan Laxminarayan

so off-guard in an endemic region that faces the same issues year after year. To begin with, a lack of preventive measures is at the heart of the problem. Consider this: The available vaccine for Japanese Encephalitis (JE) helps only a small percentage of children who are affected by the disease. Yet, not enough measures are being taken to address the larger problems of lack of clean drinking water and poor sanitation. Other measures that could

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Gorakhpur deaths: Why India's poor public health delivery system is a killer -Sanchita Sharma

tres and the community health centres, if not the health sub-centre?” asks Dr K Srinath Reddy, president, Public Health Foundation of India. Deaths from acute encephalitis syndrome (AES) and Japanese Encephalitis (JE) are higher in India than neighbouring Thailand because the disease is poorly managed, with most children reaching hospitals for treatment after convulsions have set in because of swelling in the brain. “There are seriou

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Centre set to roll out new treatment for encephalitis -Jacob Koshy

-The Hindu Acne drug seen to provide cure for Japanese Encephalitis in limited trials Weeks after several children died of encephalitis-related complications at the Baba Raghav Das (BRD) Medical College, Gorakhpur, the Centre is looking to introduce a new drug, traditionally used for acne, to deal with the seasonal outbreaks of acute encephalitis. Last year the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) said the drug did not appear potent en

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