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According to The State of World Population 2012:  By Choice, Not by Chance-Family Planning, Human Rights and Development, which has been produced by UNFPA, please click here and here to access: 


• As compared to 1 percent of young women, 26 percent of men in India (in the age group 15-24 years) are more likely to have high-risk sex with a non-marital, non-cohabiting partner in the last 12 months.

• Maternal mortality ratio (i.e. the number of deaths to women per 100,000 live births which result from conditions related to pregnancy, delivery, the postpartum period, and related complications) in India stood at 200 in 2010 as compared to 37 in China.

• Percentage of births attended by skilled health personnel (doctors, nurses or midwives) in India stood at 58 as compared to 96 in China during the latest available data between 2000 and 2010. 

• In India 47 percent girls get married before age 18. Adolescent birth rate (i.e. the annual number of births to women 15 to 19 years of age per 1,000 women in that age group) in India stood at 39 as compared to 6 in China during the latest available data between 1991 and 2010.

• Total fertility rate per woman (i.e. the number of children a woman would have during her reproductive years if she bore children at the rate estimated for different age groups in the specified time period) during 2010-2015 in India stood at 2.5 while in China it was 1.6.

• The report has suggested that increasing the range of methods, managing health workers in a less directive way, and making the family planning programme more responsive to local needs has contributed to increasing demand for family planning in India. The report has been critical towards coercive methods adopted during the family planning programme in India during the 1970s.  

• An estimated 222 million women globally lack access to reliable, high-quality family planning services, information and supplies, putting them at risk of unintended pregnancy. An additional $4.1 billion is necessary each year to meet the unmet need for family planning of all 222 million women who would use family planning but currently lack access to it

• Making voluntary family planning available to everyone in developing countries would reduce costs for maternal and newborn health care by $11.3 billion annually.

• Shortages of contraceptives are only one reason why millions of people are still unable to exercise their right to family planning. Access to family planning may also be restricted by forces including poverty, negative social pressures, gender inequality and discrimination.

• A study concluded that spacing pregnancies by three to five years could reduce infant death by 46 per cent in developing countries.

• Of the 80 million unintended pregnancies that are projected to occur in 2012 globally, an estimated 40 million will likely end in abortion. Addressing the unmet need for family planning worldwide would avert 54 million unintended pregnancies and result in 26 million fewer abortions.


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