Right to Education

Right to Education

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According to the figures provided by CRY, NGO Global March Against Child Labour, and UNICEF, http://www.indiatogether.org/2005/oct/edu-rightedu.htm:

• Only 53 per cent of all habitations have a primary school

• On an average, an upper primary school is 3 km away in 22 percent of habitations

• More than 50 percent of the girls in the country do not enrol in schools

• When working outside the family, children put in an average of 21 hours of labour per week, at the cost of education

• 60 million children are thought to be child labourers

• More than 35 million children in the 6-14 age group are out of school

• Only 45.8 percent girls complete education in rural areas as compared to 66.3 percent boys. In urban areas, 66.3 percent girls complete education as opposed to 80.3 percent boys

• Of the seven lakh rural schools, only one in six have toilets

According to the Indian Constitution,

* Art. 21A. The State shall provide free and compulsory education to all children of the age of six to fourteen years in such manner as the State may, by law, determine. (EIGHTY-SIXTH AMENDMENT ACT, 2002)

* Act. 41. Right to work, to education and to public assistance in certain cases. The State shall, within the limits of its economic capacity and development, make effective provision for securing the right to work, to education and to public assistance in cases of unemployment, old age, sickness and disablement, and in other cases of undeserved want.

* Art. 45. Provision for free and compulsory education for children. The State shall endeavour to provide, within a period of ten years from the commencement of this Constitution, for free and compulsory education for all children until they complete the age of fourteen years

* The State shall endeavour to provide early childhood care and education for all children until they complete the age of six years. (EIGHTY-SIXTH AMENDMENT ACT, 2002)

* Art. 46. Promotion of educational and economic interests of Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and other weaker sections.

* The State shall promote with special care the educational and economic interests of the weaker sections of the people, and, in particular, of the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes, and shall protect them from social injustice and all forms of exploitation

* Art. 51A (k) who is a parent or guardian to provide opportunities for education to his child or, as the case may be, ward between the age of six and fourteen years. (EIGHTY-SIXTH AMENDMENT ACT, 2002)

Rural Expert

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