Water and Sanitation

Water and Sanitation

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Please click here to access the salient findings of 69th Round of NSS regarding Key Indicators of Drinking Water, Sanitation, Hygiene and Housing Condition in India (July 2012 to December 2012)

Please click here to download the full report Key Indicators of Drinking Water, Sanitation, Hygiene and Housing Condition in India, NSS 69th Round, July 2012-December 2012, MoSPI.

Key findings of the WHO/UNICEF joint monitoring report 2012: Progress on drinking water and sanitationhttp://www.who.int/water_sanitation_health/publications/20
, are as follows: 

• India with 626 million people who practice open defecation, has more than twice the number of the next 18 countries combined;

• India accounts for 90 per cent of the 692 million people in South Asia who practice open defecation;

• India accounts for 59 per cent of the 1.1 billion people in the world who practice open defecation;

• India has 97 million people without access to improved sources of drinking water, second only to China.

• 593 million in China and 251 million in India gained access to improved sanitation since 1990.

• China and India account for just under half the global progress on sanitation.


• In 2010, 89 per cent of the world’s population, or 6.1 billion people, used improved drinking water sources, exceeding the MDG target (88 per cent); 92 per cent are expected to have access in 2015.

• Between 1990 and 2010, two billion people gained access to improved drinking water sources.

• Eleven per cent of the global population, or 783 million people, are still without access.

• In 2015 the WHO/UNICEF JMP projects that 605 million will still not have access.


• 63 per cent of the global population use toilets and other improved sanitation facilities.

• By 2015, 67 per cent will have access to improved sanitation facilities (the MDG target is 75 per cent).

• Since 1990 1.8 billion people gained access to improved sanitation.

• 2.5 billion people lack improved sanitation, projected be 2.4 billion by 2015.

• 1.1 billion people (15 per cent of the global population) practice open defecation.

• 949 million open defecators live in rural areas.

Countries that account for almost three-quarters of the people who practice open defecation:

India (626 million)

Indonesia (63 million)

Pakistan (40 million)

Ethiopia (38 million)

Nigeria (34 million)

Sudan (19 million)

Nepal (15 million)

China (14 million)

Niger (12 million)

Burkina Faso (9.7 million)

Mozambique (9.5 million)

Cambodia (8.6 million)



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