Farmers' suicides

Farmers' suicides

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According to the Accidental Deaths & Suicides in India 2019 (released in September, 2020) by National Crime Records Bureau (please click here, here and here to access):

• A rise of almost 3.4 percent was observed in suicides during 2019 (1,39,123 suicides) as compared to 2018 (1,34,516 suicides). The rate of suicides has increased by 0.2 points during 2019 (viz. 10.4 per lakh population) over 2018 (viz. 10.2 per lakh population). Please click here to access. 

• A total of 5,957 farmers/ cultivators committed suicides during 2019, accounting for 4.3 percent of total suicide victims in the country. However, 4,324 agricultural labourers committed suicides during 2019, which is nearly 3.1 percent of total suicide victims. Therefore, the total number of suicides in the farming sector (committed by farmers plus agricultural labourers) was 10,281 in 2019, accounting for nearly 7.4 percent of total suicide victims in India. Please click here to access. 

• A 'farmer/ cultivator' is one whose profession is farming and include those who cultivate on their own land as well as those who cultivate on leased land/ other's land with or without the assistance of agricultural labourers. An 'agricultural labourer' is a person who primarily works in farming sector (agriculture/ horticulture) whose main source of income is from agriculture labour activities. Please click here to access.

• A total of 5,563 male farmers/ cultivators and 394 female farmers/ cultivators committed suicides, accounting for 93.4 percent and 6.6 percent of total farmers’ suicides (viz. 5,957) in 2019, respectively. Please click here to access.

• The total number of suicides among farmers/ cultivators who cultivate their own land with or without assistance of agricultural labourers was 5,129. Please click here to access. 

• The total number of suicides among farmers/ cultivators who cultivate on leased land/ work on lease/ on other's land (known by different nomenclature) with or without assistance of agricultural labourers was 828. Please click here to access.

• A total of 3,749 male agricultural labourers and 575 female agricultural labourers committed suicides, accounting for 86.7 percent and 13.3 percent of total agricultural labourers’ suicides (viz. 4,324) in 2019, respectively. Please click here to access.

• Certain states/ UTs namely, West Bengal, Bihar, Odisha, Uttarakhand, Manipur, Chandigarh, Daman & Diu, Delhi UT, Lakshadweep and Puducherry reported zero suicides of farmers/ cultivators as well as Agricultural Labourers. Please click here to access.

• Most farm suicides (viz. total suicides by farmers/ cultivators as well as agricultural labourers) in 2019 were recorded in Maharashtra (3,927, which is around 38.2 percent of total farm suicides viz. 10,281), followed by Karnataka (1,992), Andhra Pradesh (1,029), Madhya Pradesh (541) and Telangana and Chhattisgarh (each 499). Please click here to access.

• Most suicides by farmers/ cultivators in 2019 were reported from Maharashtra (2,680, which is around 45 percent of total suicide by farmers/ cultivators), followed by Karnataka (1,331), Andhra Pradesh (628) and Telangana (491). Please click here to access. 

• Most suicides by agricultural labourers in 2019 were recorded in Maharashtra (1,247), followed by Karnataka (661), Tamil Nadu (421), Andhra Pradesh (401) and Madhya Pradesh (399). Please click here to access. 

• The ADSI 2019 report does not provide the reasons behind farm suicides.

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Please click here to access the news alerts on India’s agrarian crisis and rural distress by Inclusive Media for Change.


 

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