Farmers' suicides

Farmers' suicides

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According to National Crime Records Bureau's Accidental Deaths and Suicides in India 2013 (released in 2014) report,

•    Altogether 1,34,799 persons in India committed suicide in 2013.

•    Nearly, 11,772 persons self-employed in farming/agriculture (can be loosely termed as farmers) committed suicide during 2013. They constitute 8.73 percent of total number of suicides committed during the same year.

•    Among the 11,772 no. of persons self-employed in farming/agriculture who committed suicide, 10489 are men (89.1%) and 1283 are women (10.9%).

•    Rate of suicides, i.e., the number of suicides per one lakh population, has been widely accepted as a standard yardstick. The national rate of suicides was 11.0 during the year 2013. Puducherry reported the highest rate of suicide (35.6).

•    In 2013, the highest incidents of 16,622 suicides were reported in Maharashtra followed by 16,601 suicides in Tamil Nadu accounting for 12.3% each of total suicides. Andhra Pradesh (14,607 suicides), West Bengal (13,055 suicides) and Karnataka (11,266 suicides) accounted for 10.8%, 9.7% and 8.4% respectively of the total suicides reported in the country. These 5 States together accounted for 53.5% of the total suicides reported in India.

•    Delhi has reported the highest number of suicides (2,059) among UTs, followed by Puducherry (546) during 2013.

•    ‘Family Problems’ and ‘Illness’, accounting for 24.0% and 19.6% respectively, were the major causes of suicides among the specified causes. ‘Drug Abuse/Addiction’ (3.4%), ‘Love Affairs’ (3.3%), ‘Bankruptcy or Sudden change in economic Status’ (2.0%), 'Failure in Examination’ (1.8%), ‘Dowry Dispute’ (1.7%) and ‘Unemployment’ (1.6%) were the other causes of suicides. Suicides due to ‘Illegitimate Pregnancy (64.5%), ‘Fall in Social Reputation’ (49.4%), ‘Professional/ Career Problem’ (40.8%), ‘Divorce’ (35.7%), and ‘Cancellation/Non-Settlement of Marriage’ (33.5%) have increased in 2013 over 2012, while for poverty and property dispute have declined as compared to previous year.

•    It was observed that 69.4% of the suicide victims were married while 23.6% were Never Married/Spinster. Divorcees and Separated have accounted for about 3.2% of the total suicide victims. The proportion of Widowed & Widower victims was around 3.7%.


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