The key findings of the report titled Performance Grading Index (PGI) 2019-20 for States and Union Territories (released in June, 2021), published by the Ministry of Education, are as follows (please click here and here to access):
• The Performance Grading Index (PGI) for the States and Union Territories (UTs) was first published in 2019 for the reference year 2017-18. The PGI for reference year 2018-19 was published in the year 2020. The present publication, PGI 2019-20 at State/ UT level, has been prepared with the same set of 70 parameters used for the two previous PGIs. In the present PGI, data for 54 of the 70 parameters are for the year 2019-20. The updating of these data and vetting of the same have been carried out by concerned States/ UTs at different levels, namely, school, district and State/ UT level using the online portals of Shagun, Unified District Information System for Education plus (UDISE+) and Mid-Day Meal (MDM), created and maintained by the Department of School Education and Literacy (DoSEL), Ministry of Education (MoE). For the remaining 16 parameters, scores from National Achievement Survey (NAS) 2017 conducted by the National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) have been used in all the three PGIs, namely, PGI 2017-18, PGI 2018-19 and PGI 2019-20.
• The PGI exercise envisages that the index would propel States and UTs towards undertaking multi-pronged interventions that will that will bring about the much-desired optimal education outcomes. The PGI helps the States/UTs to pinpoint the gaps and accordingly prioritise areas for intervention to ensure that the school education system is robust at every level.
• The Government introduced the Performance Grading Index with a set of 70 parameters to catalyse transformational change in the field of school education. The PGI is structured in two categories, namely, Outcomes and Governance & Management and comprises 70 indicators in aggregate with a total weightage of 1000. The detailed list of indicators under each Domain, the respective weights, the data source and the benchmark levels are detailed in the Annexure of the report.
• The total weightage under the PGI is 1000 points with each of the 70 indicators having an assigned weightage of either 10 or 20 points. For some of the indicators, there are sub-indicators. In these sub-indicators, the total points of the indicator have been distributed among these sub-indicators. If all sub-indicators are also counted, the total number of parameters considered in the PGI becomes 96.
• The weightage against each indicator has been divided into 10 groups: 0, 1-10, 11-20 and so on up to 91-100. Thus, a State which has achieved 91 percent of the benchmark of an indicator will get maximum points (10 or 20, whichever is applicable for the particular indicator). However, in case of a few indicators, a lower value would score a higher weightage, e.g. equity indicators, time taken for release of funds and single teacher schools. For Equity Indicators, a difference of ‘O’ (zero) between different categories has been considered as the best performance and the absolute value of the difference has been considered for grading.
• The highest achievable stage in PGI is Level-I, which is for scores 951-1000. In the PGI, Level-II means PGI score 901-950, Level-III: 851-900, Level-IV: 801-850, and so on up to Level-IX: 551-600. The last one, namely Level-X is for scores 0-550. In PGI 2019-20, the highest score has reached level II, i.e. score range 901-950. This score range has now been named as Grade I++ (also termed as Grade A++), which is higher than Grade I+.
• The PGI scores and grades achieved by the States and UTs in 2019-20 bear a testimony to the efficacy of the PGI system. Many States and UTs have made substantial improvements in many of the outcome parameters, along with measurable improvements in their governance-and-management-related parameters.
• Punjab, Chandigarh, Tamil Nadu, Andaman & Nicobar Islands and Kerala occupy the highest grade (Grade A++) for 2019-20.
• One UT, namely Ladakh is in Grade-VII with score range 0-550. No State/ UT is in Grade-VI and one State, namely Meghalaya is in Grade-V i.e. score range 601-650.
• Most of the States/ UTs have improved their grade in PGI 2019-20 compared to the earlier years. A total of 33 States and UTs have improved their total PGI score in 2019-20 as compared to 2018-19.
• Three States/ UTs, namely Andaman & Nicobar Islands (Grade I++), Punjab (Grade I++) and Arunachal Pradesh (Grade-IV) have improved their score by more than 20 percent.
• Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep and Punjab have shown improvement by 10 percent (8 points) or more in the PGI domain: Access.
• As many as thirteen States and UTs have shown improvement by 10 percent (15 points) or more in the PGI domain: Infrastructure and Facilities. Andaman & Nicobar Islands and Odisha have shown improvement by 20 percent or more.
• Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur and Odisha have shown more than 10 percent improvement in the PGI domain: Equity.
• Nineteen States and UTs have shown improvement by 10 percent (36 points) or more in the PGI domain: Governance Process. Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Punjab, Rajasthan and West Bengal have shown improvement by at least 20 percent (72 points or more).