Hunger Overview

Hunger Overview

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The key findings of the report entitled 2018 Global Hunger Index: Forced Migration and Hunger, which was released in October 2018, are as follows (please click here to access):

• During 2018 India ranks 103rd among 119 countries in terms of Global Hunger Index (GHI).

• Neighbouring countries such as China (GHI score: 7.6; GHI rank: 25), Nepal (GHI score: 21.2; GHI rank: 72), Myanmar (GHI score: 20.1; GHI rank: 68), Sri Lanka (GHI score: 17.9; GHI rank: 67) and Bangladesh (GHI score: 26.1; GHI rank: 86) have outperformed India (GHI score: 31.1; GHI rank: 103). However, Pakistan (GHI score: 32.6; GHI rank: 106) and Afghanistan (GHI score: 34.3; GHI rank: 111) have performed worse than India.

• GHI score was 38.8 in both 2000 (data from the period 1998-2002) and 2005 (data from the period 2003-07), 32.2 in 2010 (data from the period 2008-12) and 31.1 in 2018 (data from the period 2013-17).

• At 31.1, the country's 2018 GHI score falls in the serious category, says the report.

• The indicators i.e. prevalence of stunting in children under five years (in percent) and under-five mortality rate (in percent) have exhibited clear-cut declining trends over time. The prevalence of wasting in children under five years (in percent) has increased from 16.7 percent during 2008-12 to 21.0 percent during 2013-17. 

• The proportion of undernourished in the population for India was 18.2 percent during 1999-2001, 22.2 percent during 2004-2006, 17.5 percent during 2009-2011 and 14.8 percent during 2015-2017.

• The proportion of children under the age of five who are wasted (i.e., too thin for height) for India was 17.1 percent during 1998-2002, 20.0 percent during 2003-2007, 16.7 percent during 2008-2012 and 21.0 percent during 2013-2017.

• The proportion of children under the age of five who are stunted (i.e., too short for age) for India was 54.2 percent during 1998-2002, 47.9 percent during 2003-2007, 42.2 percent during 2008-2012 and 38.4 percent during 2013-2017.

• The under-five mortality rate for India was 9.2 percent in 2000, 7.4 percent in 2005, 5.9 percent in 2010 and 4.3 percent in 2016.

• The child wasting rate for the South Asia region is amplified in part by that of India, which has the region’s largest population and highest level of child wasting, at 21.0 percent according to the latest data. Yet even without India, South Asia’s child wasting rate would top the rates of the other regions of the world.

• Wasting is most prevalent in Djibouti, India, and South Sudan, but even among these three countries the rates and estimates vary widely, at 16.7 percent, 21.0 percent, and 28.6 percent, respectively.

Rural Expert

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