For the report named HUNGaMA: Fighting Hunger & Malnutrition (2011), Naandi Foundation deployed a trained team of over 1000 surveyors who interviewed 74,020 mothers and measured 109,093 children in 4 months. The HUNGaMA (Hunger and Malnutrition) survey that covered 73,670 households across 112 districts spanning nine states in India provides reliable estimates of child nutrition covering nearly 20% of Indian children. Of the 112 districts surveyed, 100 were selected from the bottom of a child development district index developed for UNICEF India in 2009, referred to as the 100 Focus Districts in this report.
Key findings of the report titled: HUNGaMA: Fighting Hunger & Malnutrition (2011), please click here to access, which has been prepared by the Naandi Foundation, are as follows:
• In the 100 Focus Districts, 42 percent of children under five are underweight and 59 percent are stunted. Of the children suffering from stunting, about half are severely stunted.
• In the 100 Focus Districts, the prevalence of child underweight has decreased from 53 per cent (DLHS, 2004) to 42 per cent (HUNGaMA 2011); this represents a 20.3 percent decrease over a 7 year period with an average annual rate of reduction of 2.9 per cent.
• By age 24 months, 42 percent of children are underweight and 58 percent are stunted in the 100 Focus Districts.
• The prevalence of malnutrition is significantly higher among children from low-income families, although rates of child malnutrition are significant among middle and high income families.
• In the 100 Focus Districts, 66 per cent mothers did not attend school; rates of child underweight and stunting are significantly higher among mothers with low levels of education; the prevalence of child underweight among mothers who cannot read is 45 percent while that among mothers with 10 or more years of education is 27 per cent.
• In the 100 Focus Districts 51 per cent mothers did not give colostrum to the newborn soon after birth and 58 percent mothers fed water to their infants before 6 months.
• In the 100 Focus Districts 11 percent mothers said they used soap to wash hands before a meal and 19 per cent do so after a visit to the toilet.
• There is an Anganwadi centre in 96 percent of the villages in the 100 Focus Districts, 61 per cent of them in pucca buildings; the Anganwadi service accessed by the largest proportion of mothers (86 percent) is immunization; 61 percent of Anganwadi Centres had dried rations available and 50 percent provided food on the day of survey; only 19 percent of the mothers reported that the Anganwadi Centre provides nutrition counseling to parents.
Tagged with: Malnutrition