PDS/ Ration/ Food Security

PDS/ Ration/ Food Security

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The NSS Report: Household Consumption of Various Goods and Services in India (released in 2014) is based on information collected during 2011-12 from 101651 households in 7469 villages and 5268 urban blocks spread over the entire country.

According to the NSS Report no. 558 (68/1.0/2) entitled Household Consumption of Various Goods and Services in India 2011-12 (NSS 68th Round, July 2011-June 2012), which was released in June 2014 (please click here to download):

•    Per capita consumption of PDS rice has doubled in rural India and risen by 66% in urban India since 2004-05, implying that the share of PDS purchases in rice consumption has risen substantially.

•    In 2011-12, per capita consumption of PDS rice was 0.88 kg in urban India as compared to 1.67 kg in rural India (in a 30 day period). However, in 2004-05, per capita consumption of PDS rice was 0.53 kg in urban India as compared to 0.84 kg in rural India (in a 30 day period).

•    In 2011-12, 23.3 percent urban households consumed PDS rice as compared to 45.9 percent rural households (in a 30 day period). However, in 2004-05, 13.1 percent urban households consumed PDS rice as compared to 24.4 percent rural households (in a 30 day period).

•    As in case of rice, the share of PDS purchase in wheat consumption has increased considerably, per capita consumption of PDS wheat having more than doubled since 2004-05 in both sectors.

•    In 2011-12, per capita consumption of PDS wheat/atta was 0.41 kg in urban India as compared to 0.74 kg in rural India (in a 30 day period). However, in 2004-05, per capita consumption of PDS wheat/atta was 0.17 kg in urban India as compared to 0.31 kg in rural India (in a 30 day period).

•    In 2011-12, 19.0 percent urban households consumed PDS wheat/atta as compared to 33.9 percent rural households (in a 30 day period). However, in 2004-05, 5.8 percent urban households consumed PDS wheat/atta as compared to 11.0 percent rural households (in a 30 day period).

•    In 2011-12, 30.0 percent urban households consumed PDS kerosene as compared to 75.6 percent rural households (in a 30 day period).

•    In 2011-12, per capita consumption of PDS kerosene was 0.230 litre in urban India as compared to 0.431 litre in rural India (in a 30 day period).

•    In 2011-12, per capita consumption of PDS sugar was 0.084 kg in urban India as compared to 0.113 kg in rural India (in a 30 day period).


 

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