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Please click here to access the latest edition of Rural Health Statistics in India 2012 that was released by the Union health ministry. The report provides detailed statistics on rural health infrastructure on the basis of information available up to March, 2012 and data provided by the States and Union Territories.

According to the UNICEF report titled Committing to Child Survival: A Promise Renewed Progress Report 2013 (please click here to download):

Indian scenario

• Under Five Mortality Rate (Probability of dying between birth and exactly 5 years of age, expressed per 1,000 live births) in India for the year 2012, stands at 56 and India's ranking in terms of U5MR is 49. In 2012, the neonatal mortality rate (Probability of dying in the first month of life, expressed per 1,000 live births) at national level is at 31. The share of neonatal deaths in under-five deaths stood at 55 percent in 2012 as compared to 41 percent in 1990.  

• U5MR in India declined by 55 percent from 126 in 1990 to 56 in 2012. Infant Mortality Rate (Probability of dying between birth and exactly 1 year of age, expressed per 1,000 live births) declined from 88 in 1990 to 44 in 2012. Neonatal mortality rate declined from 51 in 1990 to 31 in 2012. 

• U5MR in India among boys declined from 121 in 1990 to 54 in 2012. U5MR in India among girls declined from 130 in 1990 to 59 in 2012.

• In 2012, 21 percent deaths among Indian children under 5 years of age occurred due to pneumonia, 10 percent due to diarrhoea, 1 percent due to malaria, 3 percent due to measles and 43 percent due to neonatal causes.

• Half of all under-five deaths occur in just five countries: India (22%), Nigeria (13%), Pakistan, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (each 6%) and China (4%).

• Around two-thirds of neonatal deaths occur in just 10 countries, with India accounting for more than one-quarter and Nigeria for a tenth. More than 4 in 10 of all neonatal deaths worldwide occur in just three countries: India, Nigeria, and Pakistan.

• More than half of the under-five deaths caused by pneumonia or diarrhoea occur in just four countries: India, Nigeria, Pakistan and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

• The Governments of Ethiopia, India and the United States, together with the UN agency, launched in 2012 ‘Committing to Child Survival: A Promise Renewed', a global effort to accelerate efforts to stop young children from dying from preventable causes. Some 176 governments have signed on, including those making some of the greatest strides in under-five mortality.

• In February 2013, the Government of India, another cosponsor of the global Call to Action, convened a national forum of state policymakers, technical advisors, civil society organizations and private-sector partners to identify and commit to high-impact strategies that can accelerate the decline in preventable child deaths.

Global scenario

• In 2012, around 6.6 million children died globally before their fifth birthday, at a rate of around 18,000 per day. Since 1990, 216 million children have died before their fifth birthday — more than the current total population of Brazil, the world’s fifth most populous country.

• Of the 6.6 million under-five deaths globally in 2012, most were from preventable causes such as pneumonia, diarrhoea or malaria; around 44% of deaths in children under 5 occurred during the neonatal period. Pneumonia and diarrhoea remain leading causes of deaths among children under 5, killing almost 5,000 children under 5 every day. Malaria remains an important cause of child death, killing 1,200 children under 5 every day.

• Global progress in reducing child deaths since 1990 has been very significant. The global rate of under-five mortality has roughly halved, from 90 deaths per 1,000 live births in 1990 to 48 per 1,000 in 2012. The estimated annual number of under-five deaths has fallen from 12.6 million to 6.6 million over the same period.

• Put another way, 17,000 fewer children die each day in 2012 than did in 1990 — thanks to more effective and affordable treatments, innovative ways of delivering critical interventions to the poor and excluded, and sustained political commitment. These and other vital child survival interventions have helped to save an estimated 90 million lives in the past 22 years.

• The global annual rate of reduction in under-five deaths has steadily accelerated since 1990-1995, when it stood at 1.2%, more than tripling to 3.9% in 2005-2012. Both sub-Saharan African regions—particularly Eastern and Southern Africa but also West and Central Africa—have seen a consistent acceleration in reducing under-five deaths, particularly since 2000.

• At the current rate of reduction in under-five mortality, the world will only make MDG 4 by 2028 — 13 years after the deadline — and 35 million more children will die between 2015 and 2028 whose lives could be saved if we were able to make the goal on time in 2015 and continue that trend.

• Accelerating progress in child survival urgently requires greater attention to ending preventable child deaths in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia, which together account for 4 out of 5 under-five deaths globally.


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