According to WHO Global Report: Mortality Attributable to Tobacco (2012), please click here to access:
• Globally 12% of all deaths among adults aged 30 years and over were attributed to tobacco as compared with 16% in India, 17% in Pakistan and 31% in Bangladesh.
• In India, the death rate from non-communicable diseases (NCDs) [1096 per 100,000 population] was about 3.3 times that for communicable diseases [336 per 100,000]. Tobacco was responsible for 9% of all NCDs as compared with 2% of all communicable disease related deaths.
• The death rate due to tobacco in Indian men was 206 [per 100,000 men aged 30 years and over] as compared with 13 [per 100,000 women aged 30 years and over] for women. The proportion of deaths attributable to tobacco was almost 12% for men and 1% for women in India.
• Within the NCDs, ischaemic heart disease accounted for 329 deaths per 100,000 population aged 30 years and over, with 5% of these deaths attributed to tobacco in India. Cancer of the trachea, bronchus and lung accounted for 16 deaths per 100,000 population but with 58% of these deaths attributed to tobacco.
• Within the communicable disease group, deaths attributed to tobacco accounted for 5% of all lower respiratory infection deaths and 4% of all tuberculosis deaths in India.
• The regions with the highest proportion of deaths atrributable to tobacco are the Americas and the European regions where tobacco has been used for a longer period of time.
• 71% of all lung cancer deaths globally are attributable to tobacco use. 42% of all chronic deaths globally are attributable to tobacco use.
• Direct tobacco smoking is currently responsible for the death of about 5 million people worldwide each year with many deaths occuring prematurely. An additional 600,000 people are estimated to die from the effects of second-hand smoke.
• In next 2 decades, the annual death from tobacco globally is expected to rise to over 8 million, with more than 80% of those deaths projected to occur in low-and middle-income countries.
• If effective measures are not urgently taken, tpbacco could in the 21st century kill over 1 billion people worldwide. Tobacco kills more than tuberculosis, HIV/ AIDS and malaria combined.
According to the report titled The Growing Danger of Non-Communicable Diseases: Acting Now to Reverse Course (2011), September, The World Bank, please click here to access: