70% of reverse migrants want to go back to cities -Prashant K. Nanda

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published Published on Oct 10, 2020   modified Modified on Oct 12, 2020

-Livemint.com

Government data claims that more than 10 million people went home after the lockdown, although experts and civil society groups say the number is much larger.

Migrants who went home during the lockdown saw their incomes drop by as much as 94% and an overwhelming majority of them are ready to return to the cities, a survey by a team of retired government officers and academics found.

The survey on covid’s impact on reverse migrants captured data from six states—Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Odisha, West Bengal and Chhattisgarh. It showed that salaried and regular waged migrants who had returned were the worst hit, while casual labourers in non-farm sectors suffered the least.

The survey was conducted by the Inferential Survey Statistics and Research Foundation founded by people including B.B. Singh, a retired deputy director general of the National Sample Survey Office (NSSO); and N.K. Sahu, former economic adviser to the rural development ministry.

Incomes of returnees dropped by 85% on an average, and by 94% in Jharkhand and UP, the survey showed.

It said nearly 70% of so-called reverse migrants are ready to return to cities and towns for work—a figure that goes up to more than 90% in UP and Jharkhand. The lack of income opportunities in villages, renewed job offers from employers with the same or higher wages (33%) and hope of getting a job (41%) were cited as other reasons for the desire to return despite the increasing spread of covid-19.

Government data claims that more than 10 million people went home after the lockdown, although experts and civil society groups say the number is much larger.

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Livemint.com, 10 October, 2020, https://www.livemint.com/news/india/70-of-reverse-migrants-want-to-go-back-to-cities/amp-11602291676067.html?__twitter_impression=true


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