Explained: Post-pandemic job survey in Delhi, and what it says on female participation in workforce -Sourav Roy Barman
-The Indian Express
A Delhi government-commissioned employment survey has captured the severity of the job crisis plaguing the national capital. What is the highlight of the report? What does it say on female participation in the workforce?
A Delhi government-commissioned employment survey, carried out between September-November 2020, has captured the severity of the job crisis plaguing the national capital, which continues to reel under the impact of the pandemic and the consequent lockdown which was eased over months.
The survey found a sharp surge in the unemployment rate of Delhi, from 11.1 per cent in January-February 2020 to 28.5 per cent in October-November, and a drastic dip in the share of women in the workforce, including a large percentage of graduates and postgraduates.
The survey had a sample size of 44,226 of which 32,052 people were aged 15 and above. The report has been jointly prepared by the Delhi Directorate of Economics and Statistics and the Centre for Market Research and Social Development.
* What is the highlight of the survey report?
It found that the unemployment rate in Delhi was 11.1 per cent in January-February 2020 and 28.5 per cent in October-November, which amounts to a rise of 17.4 percentage points within eight months when the country went through several rounds of lockdown and unlock, which left the economy battered.
* Historically, what has been Delhi’s unemployment rate?
While the Delhi government did not undertake any such focused study to ascertain the level of employment and unemployment in the city before, numbers from other surveys, including those carried out by the National Statistical Commission (NSC), can act as reference points. For example, the second periodic labour force survey conducted during July 2018 to June 2019 had found that the unemployment rate in Delhi during the aforesaid period was 10.4, largely in line with the pre-corona numbers of the Delhi government survey.
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The Indian Express, 18 March, 2021, https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/pandemic-job-survey-new-delhi-women-explained-7234111/