Indians Work Longest, Earn Least With Virtually No Time for Leisure: ILO Report
The minimum statutory wage of an Indian worker is the lowest in the world, except for some sub-Saharan African countries.
New Delhi: A latest report by the International Labour Organization (ILO) has revealed that Indians are among the most overworked lot globally while earning the least minimum statutory wage in the Asia-Pacific region, barring Bangladesh, Live Mint has reported.
India ranks fifth in the world among the countries with long working hours often stretching up to 48 hours a week, if not more. Gambia, Mongolia, Maldives and Qatar, where a quarter of the population is Indian, have average working hours longer than in India, according to Global Wage Report 2020-21: Wages and Minimum Wages in the Time of COVID-19.
The estimates reveal that an average worker in China works 46 hours a week, 36 hours in the United Kingdom, 37 hours in the United States and 36 hours in Israel. The data is worked out by using 2019 estimates presented by most national agencies while data for some countries pertains to previous years.
On a comparative scale, the minimum statutory wage of an Indian worker is the lowest in the world, except for some sub-Saharan African countries. However, actual wages could be different from the minimum wages across countries, particularly in the case of blue-collar workers, the ILO report observes.
Among Indians, it is the well-paid employees – both salaried and self-employed – in urban areas who work longer than those in the rural part of the country. Casual labour across the country almost work the same number of hours. Across gender, men work longer than women in both villages and urban areas, reveals 2018-19 Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS).
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TheWire.in, 24 February, 2021, https://thewire.in/labour/indians-work-longest-earn-least-with-virtually-no-time-for-leisure-ilo-report