It’s MP, not Haryana or Punjab, which reaped the benefits of MSP the most -Radheshyam Jadhav

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published Published on Dec 23, 2020   modified Modified on Dec 31, 2020

-The Hindu Business Line

Pune: The protest against the Centre’s newly introduced farm laws is loudest in Punjab and Haryana, where the MSP mechanism is robust, benefiting wheat growing farmers. However, government data shows that Madhya Pradesh farmers have steadily taken over wheat growers in Punjab and Haryana to reap benefits of MSP in the last five years.

Data from rabi marketing seasons (RMS) 2016-17 to 2020-21 shows that 47,58,350 farmers from Madhya Pradesh availed of the wheat procurement — much higher than the 44,56,516 farmers from Punjab and 37,30,443 farmers from Haryana.

Also, according to FCI data, 129.42 LMT wheat was procured in Madhya Pradesh in the 2020-21 RMS compared to 127.14 LMT in Punjab and 74 LMT in Haryana.

In 2016-17 RMS, of the total farmers (20,46,766) who benefitted from wheat procurement in India, 41 per cent were from Punjab and 23 per cent from Haryana, and just 26 per cent from Madhya Pradesh.

The data presented by the Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution in the Rajya Sabha in September this year shows that the transition started in the 2018-19 RMS, when 9,58,417 (24 per cent) farmers from Madhya Pradesh reaped the benefits of MSP in wheat procurement compared to 8,97,905 (23 per cent) Punjab farmers. That year, Uttar Pradesh reported the highest number of beneficiary farmers (27 per cent).

Since 2018-19, the number of wheat farmers in Madhya Pradesh benefiting from MSP has grown constantly. In 2019-20, the number of benefitting farmers went up to 27 per followed by Haryana (25 per cent) and Punjab (23 per cent). In 2020-21, the number of benefitng farmers in Madhya Pradesh is 37 per cent, while those in Punjab came down to 24 per cent and Haryana 18 per cent.

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The Hindu Business Line, 23 December, 2020,

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