The Agrarian Crisis in Punjab and the Making of the Anti-Farm Law Protests -Shreya Sinha
The protests in Punjab are happening at a time when the agrarian economy is under stress. With increasing uncertainty, previously antagonistic groups across classes, castes & gender are coming closer, building a broader base for the agitation & beyond.
Punjab’s farmers have been unrelenting in their opposition to the new farm laws passed in September. Their sustained and creative opposition continues to make headlines. The central government too remains adamant and increasingly belligerent about sustaining the laws in their current form. The political pressure of the farmers has led the Punjab government, in a symbolic gesture, to pass legislation rejecting the centre’s farm laws. The past weeks have witnessed bitter stand-offs: farmers blocking rail tracks, the railways suspending services to Punjab for a period, and the state’s power plants starved of coal. A march of thousands of farmers to Delhi earlier this week to register their opposition to these laws is faced police barricades, water cannons, and tear gas shells.
In the face of the unpopularity of the farm laws, the central government has found refuge in different kinds of arguments in favour of the reforms. It has sought to discredit the protests by arguing that the agitation is driven by exploitative middlemen, and that small and marginal farmers are happy with these laws. The opposition to the new laws is portrayed as coming from large, prosperous, and politically powerful farmers, who dominate Punjab’s farmers unions and who benefited the most from the old system.
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Shreya Sinha is a postdoctoral researcher at the Department of Geography, University of Cambridge. She works on the political economy of development and agrarian change in India.
TheIndiaForum.in, 4 December, 2020, https://www.theindiaforum.in/article/agrarian-crisis-punjab-and-making-anti-farm-law-protests?fbclid=IwAR0RnouH3_Przl56FDoswCe30NVMro-Apew6H6HZT8JJTiypsZJ_wNP0qhU