Access to Justice

Access to Justice

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On December 23, 2012 a three member Committee headed by Justice J.S. Verma, former Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, was constituted to recommend amendments to the Criminal Law so as to provide for quicker trial and enhanced punishment for criminals accused of committing sexual assault against women.  The other members on the Committee were Justice Leila Seth, former judge of the High Court and Gopal Subramanium, former Solicitor General of India. The Committee submitted its report on January 23, 2013.  It made recommendations on laws related to rape, sexual harassment, trafficking, child sexual abuse, medical examination of victims, police, electoral and educational reforms.  The Justice Verma Committee report can be accessed from here 

According to the Prison Statistics 2011,

•    383 Women Convicts with their 440 children and 1,177 Women undertrials with their 1,289 children were reported to be in prisons in the country at the end of 2011.

•     The number of undertrial prisoners has increased by 0.5% in 2011 (2,41,200) over 2010 (2,40,098).

•    1,486 Undertrials (0.6% of total undertrials) were detained in jails for more than 5 years at the end of the year 2011. Uttar Pradesh had the highest number of such undertrials (340) followed by Bihar (252).

•    117 prisoners were awarded death sentence during 2011 while 42 death sentence were commuted to Life Imprisonment. However, no execution took place during the year 2011.

•    Total of 1,332 deaths were reported (1,244 natural and 88 un-natural) during the year 2011.

•    43 deaths of female inmates were reported during 2011, out of which 8 deaths were suicidal in nature.



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