Human Rights

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Key findings of the report titled Torture in India 2011, which has been brought out by Asian Centre for Human Rights, http://www.achrweb.org/reports/india/torture2011.pdf:  

• In the last three years, 2,044 cases of police torture were registered to the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC). These included 574 cases in 2008-2009, 615 cases in 2009-2010 and 855 cases in 2010-2011. The statistics has gone up every year. However, these cases are only a fraction. Majority of the cases go unreported.  

• From 2001 to 2010, the NHRC recorded 14,231 deaths in police and judicial custody in India. This includes 1,504 deaths in police custody and 12,727 deaths in judicial custody from 2001-2002 to 2009-2010

• The NHRC recorded 1504 deaths in police custody during 2001-2010 which includes 165 deaths in 2001-2002; 183 deaths in 2002-2003; 162 deaths in 2003-2004; 136 deaths in 2004-2005; 139 deaths in 2005-2006; 119 deaths in 2006-2007; 187 deaths in 2007-2008; 142 deaths in 2008-2009; 124 deaths in 2009-2010 and 147 deaths in 2010-2011.

• Maharashtra recorded the highest number of deaths in police custody with 250 deaths during 2001-2010; followed by Uttar Pradesh (174); Gujarat (134); Andhra Pradesh (109); West Bengal (98); Tamil nadu (95); Assam (84); Karnataka (67); Punjab (57); Madhya Pradesh (55); Haryana (45); Bihar (44); Kerala (42); Jharkhand (41); Rajasthan (38); Orissa (34); Delhi (30); Chhattisgarh (24); Uttarakhand (20); Meghalaya (17); Arunachal Pradesh (10); Tripura (8); Jammu and Kashmir (6); Himachal Pradesh (5); Goa, Chandigarh and Pondicherry (3 each); Manipur, Mizoram and  nagaland (2 each);  and  sikkim and Dadra and  Nagar Haveli (1 each).

• During 2010-2011, the highest number of death in police custody was reported from Maharashtra with 31 cases followed by Uttar Pradesh (15); Andhra Pradesh (14); Gujarat (9); Assam and Orissa (7 each); Bihar, Punjab, Tamil Nadu and Jharkhand (6 each); Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh and West Bengal (5 each); Uttarakhand (4); Delhi and Haryana (3 each); Goa, Jammu and Kashmir, Kerala, Manipur, Mizoram and Rajasthan (2 each); and Nagaland, Tripura and Chhattisgarh (1 each).

• The NHRC also recorded 12,727 deaths in judicial custody from 2001-2002 to 2009-10. These included 1,140 cases in 2001-2002; 1,157 cases in 2002-2003; 1,300 cases in 2003-2004; 1,357 cases in 2004-2005; 1,591 cases in 2005-2006; 1,477 cases in 2006-2007; 1,789 cases in 2007-2008; 1,532 cases in 2008-2009; 1,389 cases in 2009-2010 upto 28 February 2010. 

• Uttar Pradesh recorded the highest number of deaths in judicial custody from 2001-2002 to 2009-10 with 2171 deaths, followed by Bihar (1512); Maharashtra (1176); Andhra Pradesh (1037); Tamil Nadu (744); Punjab (739); West Bengal (601); Jharkhand (541); Madhya Pradesh (520); Karnataka (496); Rajasthan (491); Gujarat (458); Haryana (431); Orissa (416); Kerala (402); Chhattisgarh (351); Delhi (224); Assam (165); Uttarakhand (91); Himachal Pradesh (29); Tripura (26); Meghalaya (24); Chandigarh (23); Goa (18); Arunachal Pradesh (9); Pondicherry (8); Jammu and Kashmir and Nagaland (6 each); Mizoram (4); sikkim and Andaman and Nicober Island (3 each); and Manipur and Dadra and Nagar Haveli (1 each).

• On 9 March 2010, Mr Ajay Maken, then Minister of state in the Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India stated in the Lok Sabha that the NHRC recommended monetary relief of Rs 5,59,45,000 to the next of kin of the deceased in 386 cases of custodial death/rape across the country from 1 April 2006 to 28 February 2010. These included Rs. 1,62,5000 in 19 cases in 2006-2007; Rs. 1,16,75,000 in 82 cases in 2007-2008; Rs. 2,05,75,000 in 144 cases in 2008-2009; and Rs. 2,20,70,000 in 141 cases in 2009-2010 up to 28 February 2010.

• The NHRC registered only a total of the 25 cases of death in the custody of the military/ para-military forces from 2001-2002 to 2009-2010 up to 28 February 2010. These included 2 cases in 2001-02; nil cases in 2002-2003; 1 case in 2003-2004; 7 in 2004-2005; 4 in 2005-2006; 1 case in 2006-2007; 4 cases in 2007-2008; 4 cases in 2008-2009; and 2 cases in 2009-2010 upto 28 February 2010.

 



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