Human Rights

Human Rights

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According to the report Global Report on Trafficking in Persons 2014 by United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), (please click here to access the report):

Indian Scenario

• A bit more than 40% of the persons investigated for trafficking in persons in India were females.

• India has detected victims from other countries in the subregion, particularly Nepal and Bangladesh. Victims trafficked from other areas– for example Eastern Europe - have also been detected in India, but only sporadically.

• Victims from a variety of countries in South-East Asia and the Indian sub-continent are trafficked mainly to the Gulf and other Middle Eastern countries.

Global Scenario

• The present report's data covers the period 2010-2012. Girls make up 2 out of every 3 child victims. And together with women, they account for 70% of overall trafficking victims worldwide.

• There has been a rise in the share of girl children in the total number of detected victims from 10% in 2004 to 21% in 2011. Similarly, the share of boy children in the total number of detected victims increased from 3% in 2004 to 12% in 2011. However, the share of adult women in the total number of detected victims fell from 74% in 2004 to 49% in 2011.

• The share of the total number of detected victims who were trafficked for forced labour has increased from 32% in 2007 to 40% in 2011.

• Between 2010 and 2012, victims with 152 different citizenships were identified in 124 countries across the globe. Moreover, trafficking flows - imaginary lines that connect the same origin country and destination country of at least five detected victims – criss-cross the world. UNODC has identified at least 510 flows.

• Most victims of trafficking in persons are foreigners in the country where they are identified as victims. In other words, these victims - more than 6 in 10 of all victims - have been trafficked across at least one national border. That said, many trafficking cases involve limited geographic movement as they tend to take place within a subregion (often between neighbouring countries).

• Domestic trafficking is widely detected, and for one in three trafficking cases, the exploitation takes place in the victim’s country of citizenship.

• Nearly 49% of detected victims are adult women. Almost 33% of detected victims are children, which is a 5% increase compared to the 2007-2010 period.

• Trafficking for forced labour - including in the manufacturing and construction sectors, domestic work and textile production - has increased steadily in the past five years. About 35% of the detected victims of trafficking for forced labour are female.

• No country is immune to trafficking- there are at least 152 countries of origin and 124 countries of destination affected by trafficking in persons, and over 510 trafficking flows criss-crossing the world.

• Most trafficking flows are interregional, and more than 6 out of 10 victims have been trafficked across at least one national border. The vast majority of convicted traffickers - 72% - are male and citizens of the country in which they operate. Some 64% of convicted traffickers are citizens of the convicting country.

• There are regional variations as to why people are trafficked in the first place. For example, victims in Europe and Central Asia are mostly trafficked for sexual exploitation, whereas in East Asia and the Pacific forced labour drives the market. In the Americas, the two types are detected in almost equal measure. In some regions - such as Africa and the Middle East - child trafficking is a major concern, with children constituting 62% of victims. In Asia, most of the victims of trafficking for forced labour were women.

• More than 90% of countries have legislation criminalizing human trafficking since the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, under the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, came into force more than a decade ago.

• Despite this, impunity remains a serious problem: 40% of countries recorded few or no convictions, and over the past 10 years there has been no discernible increase in the global criminal justice response to this crime, leaving a significant portion of the population vulnerable to offenders.

Rural Expert

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